the continuous process that results in a change in functional capacity
capability to exist in the real world
the continuous, age related movement as well as the interacting constraints in the individual, environment, and the task that drives thee changes.
Relatively PERMANENT gains motor skill capability associated with PRACTICE or EXPERIENCE
study of the neural, physical, behavioral aspects of movement
an increase in size or body mass resulting from an increase in complete, already formed body parts
Progress toward physical maturity, the state of optimal functional integration of an individuals body systems and the ability to reproduce.
The process, occurring with the passage of time, that leads to the adaptability or full function and eventually death.
Newell's model (explanation)
Suggested that movement arises from interactions of the organism, the environment in which the movement occurs and the task to be undertaken.
any change in these factors results in a change in movement
A person's unique physical quality and mental characteristics ( i.e. height, weight, strength, motivation.
relative to the body structure
relative to behavioral function
constraints that exist outside the body as property of the world around us.
can be physical or sociocultural
include goals of a particular movement or activity, role, structure surrounding that movement or activity, and the choices of equipment.
ex. football, basketball
Study in which the same individual or group is observed performing the same tasks or behaviors on numerous occasions over a long time.
Pros of longitudinal research
Can find a lot of change
cons of longitudinal research
People might back out
Cross - sectional research
Study in which developmental change is implied by observing individuals or groups of varying ages at 1 point in time.
Pros (cross sectional research)
A lot of people in and out
Cons (cross sectional research)
Mixed longitudinal (sequential)
study where several age groups are observed at on one time, or over a shorter time span, permitting observation of an age span that is longer than the observation period.
Universal "stereotypical" changes
All children follow basic stages of development each stage represents the emergence of a new universal behavior
everyone reaches the stages in their own way it is more likely you are above or below average at a given milestone than exactly average.
Genetics and hereditary are primarily responsible for motor development and the environment has little effect.
maturational prospective assumptions
Development is an eternal and innate process driven by a biological or genetic time clock
who did maturational research
What did Gessell say
believed that biological and evolutionary history determined the orderly and invariable sequence of development. said maturation is controlled by a genetic clock environmental factors only affect development temporarily.