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Chapter 13 - The Art of the Ancients (Art 101)
Terms in this set (31)
A vertical hole in the ground in which one or more bodies are buried.
The arable land lying along the Nile River in Egypt.
A palette for mixing cosmetics, such as eye makeup, with water.
A huge stone, especially as used in prehistoric construction.
A dark, tough volcanic rock.
The arable land lying between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in ancient Mesopotamia.
To cut at an angle.
Representation that strives to imitate nature rather than to express intellectual theory.
In architecture, a horizontal member supported by posts.
A simplified symbol of an object or actions; for example, a schematized or abstract form of an ancestral image, animal, geometric form, anatomic part, or shape suggestive of a cosmic symbol or microscopic life.
Of the Middle Stone Age.
An Egyptian temple of the New Kingdom in which the pharaoh worshiped and was worshiped after his death.
Diminishing the size of the parts of an object that are represented as farthest from the viewer. Specifically, rendering parts of an object as receding from the viewer at angles oblique to the picture place so that they appear proportionately shorter than parts of the object that are parallel to the picture plane.
The ancient Egyptian sun god.
A painted or sculpted circular ornament with petals and leaves radiating from the center.
The "old" Stone Age during which the first sculptures and paintings were created.
In architecture, a beehive-shaped tomb.
An opaque blue, semiprecious stone.
The entrance facade of a Greek temple, adapted for use with other buildings and consisting of a colonnade, entablature, and pediment (from Greek for "porch").
Of ancient Greece before the eighth century BCE.
A temple tower in the form of a terraced pyramid, built by ancient Assyrians and Babylonians.
A series of columns placed side by side to support a roof or a series of arches.
Of the New Stone Age.
The Roman goddess of beauty; a prehistoric fertility figure, such as the Nude Woman (Venus of Willendorf).
Natural rock formations, as on a mountainside.
Wedge-shaped; descriptive of the characters used in ancient Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian alphabets.
Canon of Proportions
A set of rules (or formula) governing what are considered to be the perfect proportions of the human body or correct proportions in architecture.
In architecture, a large supply chamber.
An engraved stone slab or pillar that serves as a grave marker.
To cut into with a sharp tool.
A horizontal segment of a structure or work of art.