31 terms

Chapter 13 - The Art of the Ancients (Art 101)

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Shaft Graves
A vertical hole in the ground in which one or more bodies are buried.
Fertile Ribbon
The arable land lying along the Nile River in Egypt.
Cosmetic Palette
A palette for mixing cosmetics, such as eye makeup, with water.
Megaliths
A huge stone, especially as used in prehistoric construction.
Basalt
A dark, tough volcanic rock.
Fertile Crescent
The arable land lying between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in ancient Mesopotamia.
Beveled
To cut at an angle.
Naturalism
Representation that strives to imitate nature rather than to express intellectual theory.
Lintel
In architecture, a horizontal member supported by posts.
Pictographs
A simplified symbol of an object or actions; for example, a schematized or abstract form of an ancestral image, animal, geometric form, anatomic part, or shape suggestive of a cosmic symbol or microscopic life.
Mesolitihic
Of the Middle Stone Age.
Mortuary Temple
An Egyptian temple of the New Kingdom in which the pharaoh worshiped and was worshiped after his death.
Foreshortening
Diminishing the size of the parts of an object that are represented as farthest from the viewer. Specifically, rendering parts of an object as receding from the viewer at angles oblique to the picture place so that they appear proportionately shorter than parts of the object that are parallel to the picture plane.
Horus
The ancient Egyptian sun god.
Rosettes
A painted or sculpted circular ornament with petals and leaves radiating from the center.
Paleolithic
The "old" Stone Age during which the first sculptures and paintings were created.
Tholos
In architecture, a beehive-shaped tomb.
Lapis Lazuli
An opaque blue, semiprecious stone.
Porticoes
The entrance facade of a Greek temple, adapted for use with other buildings and consisting of a colonnade, entablature, and pediment (from Greek for "porch").
Pre-Hellenic
Of ancient Greece before the eighth century BCE.
Ziggurat
A temple tower in the form of a terraced pyramid, built by ancient Assyrians and Babylonians.
Colonnades
A series of columns placed side by side to support a roof or a series of arches.
Neolithic
Of the New Stone Age.
Venuses
The Roman goddess of beauty; a prehistoric fertility figure, such as the Nude Woman (Venus of Willendorf).
Living Rock
Natural rock formations, as on a mountainside.
Cuneiform
Wedge-shaped; descriptive of the characters used in ancient Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian alphabets.
Canon of Proportions
A set of rules (or formula) governing what are considered to be the perfect proportions of the human body or correct proportions in architecture.
Magazines
In architecture, a large supply chamber.
Stele
An engraved stone slab or pillar that serves as a grave marker.
Incised
To cut into with a sharp tool.
Registers
A horizontal segment of a structure or work of art.
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