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an important factor in transforming the nature of american agriculture after the Civil War was:

increasing utilization of machinery

in general, American agriculture in the second half of the nineteenth century became:

more dependent on market forces

the development of agriculture in California during the late nineteenth century was:

large-scale farming

by 1890, under the leadership of the New South Advocates, the South:

still remained economically dependent on the North

According to the Plessy v. Ferguson decision:

the races could be seperated but equal accomodations must be provided

in the late nineteenth century, southern agriculture:

remained dependent on cotton cultivation

an organization which represented an early attempt by farmers to confront their problems during the 1860s and 1970s was the:


in its attempt to regulate railroad rates during the late nineteenth century, the Interstate Commerce Commission:

was often opposed by the federal courts' decisions

In the Ocala platform, the National Farmers' Alliance advocated:

a graduated income tax

the authors characterize the late nineteenth century as "the nadir of black life." Nadir means the:

lowest point

the Supreme Court upheld the principle that state governments could regulate railroad and grain elevator companies with its decision in:

Munn v. Illinois

one of the primary goals of farmers movements during the late nineteenth century was:

regulation of the railroads

Chief leader of the moderate approach to achieving black rights within American society was:

Booker T. Washington

During the late nineteenth century, the Supreme Court:

a gradualy abandoned support of blacks rights guaranteed by the Constitution

the philosophy of the New South advocates stressed:

a policy promoting industrialization of the southern economy

those Indians who followed the Ghost Dance movement believed that

natural disasters would destroy the whites, but not the Indians

The Dawes Act was designed to:

provide Indians with individual land ownership

The federal government's Indian policy between 1876 and 1900 was characterized by

a movement to end Indian power and culture

An important factor in the white man's defeat of the Plains tribes was the

destruction of the buffalo herds

in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, Indians on the Great Plains:

often fiercely resisted white settlement in the area

between 1865 and 1900, the basis for economic growth in the United States during the last half of the nineteenth century was:

the availability of capital for investment purposes

the transformation of the American economy during the late nineteenth century resulted in:

increased instability in the economic cycle

the "new immigrants" whose migration to the United States increased after 1880 came mainly from:

southern and eastern Europe

during the late nineteenth century, the typical American city:

often attracted rural Americans displaced by the mechanization of agriculture

in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, the industrial city in teh United States was led by:

the poorest people living near the center of teh city

in the working class neighborhoods of American industrial cities in the three decades after the Civil War:

ethnic groups often gathered in a particular area

during the late nineteenth century, the American middle class generally:

enjoyed an improvement in its standard of living

the social ethic which prevailed in late nineteenth-century America stressed that:

economic success was available to anyone who worked hard

success and upward mobility in late nineteenth-century America were generally:

more available to native-born, middle-class whites

in its approach to union organization, the Knights of Labor officially:

welcomed both skilled and unskilled workers

in the era between 1865 and 1900, American workers

often protested agaisnt their working conditions

the social geography of the industrial city in America during the late nineteenth century indicated that:

people tended to be seperated by class, occupation, and race

as a result of economic developments in the united states during the late nineteenth century:

the united state became one of teh major industrial countries of the world

some of the entrepreneurs of the late nineteenth century in the United States attempted to dominate their chosen area of the economy through vertical integration. Vertical integration involves:

adding operations either before or after the production process

in its attempt to deal with the Pullman strike, the federal government used an injunction, which is a

court order

edward bellamy prophesied in "looking backward" that:

the future held great hope for all people

an imprortant developtment in the operation of teh United States government that occured during the nineteenth century was the:

emergence of a professional bureacracy

the presidents of the United States from 1877 to 1897 can generally be described as


in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, American voters

were particularlyinterested in local issues

the typical social reformer in the United States during the late nineteenth century would most likely be

middle class

the theory of Social Darwinism promoted the idea that

the maldistribution of wealth in society was justifiable

a leader in promoting the settlement house movement was

Jane Addams

a central issue in the election of 1896 was the

monetary question

the period of the late nineteenth century in the United States is often referred to as the "Gilded Age." Gilded implies:

a deceptive outward appearance

Social reformers in late nineteenth-century America considered the laissez faire philosophy advocates the Social Darwinists to be both wasteful and inhumane. Lassiez faire means:

an economic life free of government intervention

the election of 1896 represented:

the triumph of industrialism over agrarianism in American politics

the columbian exposition held in chicago in 1893:

made the inequities in American society more apparent

agricultural and industrial overextension during the late nineteeth-century in the United States contributed to:

financial panic

an important demand of the Populists was:

the unlimited coinage of silver

in the late nineteenth-century, urban bosses

dispensed patronage jobs in return for votes and contributions

in the period after the Civil War, the Social Gospel movement

tied salvation to social betterment

among the issues confronting American political leaders in teh alst three decades of the nineteenth-century was:

tariff revision

a common characteristic of scalawags and carpetbaggers during Reconstruction was that they

cooperated with Republicans and blacks in the new southern government

Jacob Coxey's solution for ending the Depression of 1893 included a call for

government sponsored jobs

The writings of Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, and William Dean Howells attempted to depict the

realism of American life during Gilded Age

The author of the cartoon is an advocate for

maintaining tariffs levels in America

As an advocate of the "Gospel of Wealth," Andrew Carnegie believed that

the rich had a moral responsibility to use their wealth to improve society

President Cleveland responded to the 1894 Pullman Strike by

invoking an injuction against the workers and sending troops to break and strike

Which of the following best summarizes the impact of Reconstruction on the South?

Reconstruction failed to make lasting changes in the political and social power structure in the South

When farmers sought an explanation for their economic troubles after the Civil War, they focused on the

inadequate amount of money in circulation in the country

From 1876-1900, the two major political parties were characterized by

internal divisions over economic policies and questions of integrity

Which of the following was true about the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1909?

it included both whites and blacks, and used the courts to attack Jim Crow

The "open door policy" in 1899 primarily covered

trade with Asia

In which decision did the Supreme Court invalidate the practice of "seperate but equal" facilities for blacks and whites?

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

The "Ghost Dancer" movement among Western Native Americans stressed all of the following EXCEPT


Following the Civil War, most freed slaves

stayed in the South and worked as sharecroppers

Which of the following is true of the American rail system int he nineteenth century?

government subsidies and land grants played a major role in its expansion.

the united states army supported Panama's 1903 war of independence agaisnt colombia primarily because

Colombia was asking too high a price for control of the projected Atlantic-Pacific canal

In the late nineteenth century, political machines such as Tammany Hall were successful primarily because

machine politicians provided needed jobs and services to naturalized citizens in return for their votes

The disagreement between W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington regarding the status of African Americans in the early twentieth century is best summed up as a debate over

whether African Americans should fist seek legal or economic equality with white Americans

The United States took control of the Philippines in 1898

as a result of the Spanish-American War

the "free silver" campaign of 1896 received its greatest popular support from

farmers, who hoped that a more generous money supply would ease their debt burdens

Which of the following was the intended result of the Dawes Severlty Act of 1887?


During the decade following passage of the Sherman Antitrust ACt, most courts applied the rule to break up

political machines

Which of the following is true of the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887?


all of the following contributed to the rise of big business EXCEPT


which of the following is most closely associated with the Populist movement


Which of the following statesment reguarding the American Federation of Labor is true?


The Niagara Movement resulted in


Which of the following was NOT a result of the Compromise of 1877?

the Democrats took back the House and the Senate

William Randolph Hearst's alleged quote, "You furnish the pictures and i'll furnish the war," refers to

Frederic Remington's assignment to report on Spanish mistreatment of Cubans in 1898

Which of the following was NOT a result of Reconstruction?

the election of black senators and representatives

What best accoutns for the sharp increase of immigrants during the period of 1880-1910?

many southern and eastern Europeans turn to America for financial gain and political freedom

The cartoon below suggests that the United States

is preparing to join the race for empire

the main purpose of the progressive reforms of initiative, referendum, and recall was to

circumvent elected officials and increase the power of voters

Marcus Garvey came to prominence in America through the support of the

universal negro improvement

"The growth of a large business is merely a survival oft eh fittest... the American Beauty rose can be produced in the splendor and fragrance which brings cheer to its beholder only by sacrificing the early buds which grow up around it. this is not an evil tendency in business. it is merely the working out of a law of nature and a law of god. author?

john d. rockefeller

helen hunt jackson's a century of dishonor described the

record of the united states government in dealing with native americans

Thaddeus stevens and other radical republicans believed

the rebelliuous states should undergo widespread political and social changes

which of the following is true of industrial working women at the end of the nineteenth century?

women composed about 20 % of the workforce and most women worked to maintain a minimum standard of living for their families.

a central element of Alfred T. Mahan's beliefs concerning expansion was that

control of the sea was the key to world power

Which one of these court cases supoorted the cartoon's message?

brown v board of education

in Muller v Oregon, the supreme court upheld the principle promoted by progressives like Florence Kelley and Louis Brandeis that

female workers required special rules and protection on the job

one weapon that was used to put boss tweed, leader of new york city's infamous tweed ring, in jail was

granting immunity to Tweed's cronies in exchange for testimony

during the gilded age, the democrats and the republicans

had few significant economic differences

the compromise of 1877 resulted in

the withdrawal of federal troops from the south

in the 1896 case of plessy v ferguson, the supreme court ruled that

"seperate but equal" facilities were constitutional

the political cartoon above

indicates that President McKinley was more than wliling to engage in territorial expansion

US naval captain Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that

control of the sea was the key to world domination by the US

the teller amendment

guaranteed the independence of cuba

For congressional Republicans, one of the most troubling aspects of the Southern states' restoration to the Union was that

the south would be stronger than ever in national politics

Black leader Dr. W. E. B. DuBois

demanded complete equality for African-Americans

labor unions favored immigration restriction because most immigrants were all of the following EXCEPT

opposed to factory labor

which of the following was NOT part of the coalition that comprised the Populists in the late nineteenth century?

graine elevator operators

in the mid-nineteenth century, strong opposition arose in the US to immigrants who came from

Ireland and Germany

which of the following is NOT associated with radical Republican Reconstruction?

jim crow laws

theis labor union was formed right after the end of the Civil WAr and was the first major union to organize workers regardless of their race, gender, or skill level.

National Labor Union

the Populist party platform included all of the following EXCEPT

a gold and silver based currency

which of the following is assosiated with the post WWII civil rights movement?

brown v board of education of Topeka, Kansas

this supreme court case upheld a state law limiting maximum working hours for women

muller v oregon

as a result of the spanish american war, which of the following was ceded to the US?

the Philippines

Booker T. Washington

believed that blacks should forgo political equality until they achieved economic success

Marcus Garvey's universal negro improvement association

found considerable support amongblacks in northern urban areas

which of the following statements best describes the US governments policy in the spanish civil war?

the US maintained a policy of neutrality

"article III: the government of Cuba consents that the United States may exercise the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence..." This is an excerpt from

the Platt Amendment

which of the following best characterizes the south in the antebellum period?

the south was opposed to a high protective tariff

critics referred to this as a Seward's Folly:

the purchase of Alaska from the Russians in 1867

in the election fo 1884 the Republican party was divided into conservative and reform-minded factions knowns as

Mugwaumps and Half-breeds

one of the most famous perspectives in the study of US history is Frederick Jackson Turner's frontier thesis, in which he claims that

the western frontier stimulated the growth of democracy

an example of government corruption in the post-Reconstruction era is

the Credit Mobilier scandal

Native American recieved their citizenship rights as a result of

an act of congress in 1924

which of the following improved US relations with the Philippines?

the Foraker Act

W.E.B. DuBois was instrumental in helping to establish the

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

During the Civil War era, the slave states of Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri all

remained in the union

the principle reason the Whig Party formed in the 1830s was to

oppose the policis of Andrew Jackson

which of the following is true about the Coercive Acts of 1774?

they were a direct result of the boston tea party

Which of the following actions did Congress take shortly after the Chesapeake-Leopard affair?

it passed the embargo act

they key message of betty friedan's the Feminine Mystique was

well-educated women were wasting their lives as housewives in suburbia

which of the following was a consequence of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930?

it made it harder for europe to pay its war debts and depended the Depression

which of the following is true about the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961?

it assumed that the cuban people would rise against castro

which of the following was true of roack and roll music in the 1950s?

it drew heavily from african-american rhythm and blues

Thaddeus Stevens and other Radical Republicans believed

the rebellious states should undergo widespread political and social changes

the wilmot proviso transformed the politics of the mexican war by

raising the issue of whether terriory aquired through war would be slave or free

early in the civil war, president lincoln hoped to end slavery by

gradually emancipating the slaves, paying the owners and establishing a bi-racial society in America

a central element in Alfred T. Mahan's beliefs concerning expansion was that

control of the sea was the key to world power

which of these court cases supported tohe cartoon's message?

brown v board of education of topeka, kansas

How were the Mayflower Compact and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut similar in purpose?

both were covenants that suggested men must work together to achieve their goals

by creating the three-fifths compromise, the framers of the Constitution accepted the view that

slaves were not full citizens and should not be viewed as such

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