an important factor in transforming the nature of american agriculture after the Civil War was:
increasing utilization of machinery
in general, American agriculture in the second half of the nineteenth century became:
more dependent on market forces
the development of agriculture in California during the late nineteenth century was:
by 1890, under the leadership of the New South Advocates, the South:
still remained economically dependent on the North
According to the Plessy v. Ferguson decision:
the races could be seperated but equal accomodations must be provided
an organization which represented an early attempt by farmers to confront their problems during the 1860s and 1970s was the:
in its attempt to regulate railroad rates during the late nineteenth century, the Interstate Commerce Commission:
was often opposed by the federal courts' decisions
the authors characterize the late nineteenth century as "the nadir of black life." Nadir means the:
the Supreme Court upheld the principle that state governments could regulate railroad and grain elevator companies with its decision in:
Munn v. Illinois
one of the primary goals of farmers movements during the late nineteenth century was:
regulation of the railroads
Chief leader of the moderate approach to achieving black rights within American society was:
Booker T. Washington
During the late nineteenth century, the Supreme Court:
a gradualy abandoned support of blacks rights guaranteed by the Constitution
the philosophy of the New South advocates stressed:
a policy promoting industrialization of the southern economy
those Indians who followed the Ghost Dance movement believed that
natural disasters would destroy the whites, but not the Indians
The federal government's Indian policy between 1876 and 1900 was characterized by
a movement to end Indian power and culture
An important factor in the white man's defeat of the Plains tribes was the
destruction of the buffalo herds
in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, Indians on the Great Plains:
often fiercely resisted white settlement in the area
between 1865 and 1900, the basis for economic growth in the United States during the last half of the nineteenth century was:
the availability of capital for investment purposes
the transformation of the American economy during the late nineteenth century resulted in:
increased instability in the economic cycle
the "new immigrants" whose migration to the United States increased after 1880 came mainly from:
southern and eastern Europe
during the late nineteenth century, the typical American city:
often attracted rural Americans displaced by the mechanization of agriculture
in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, the industrial city in teh United States was led by:
the poorest people living near the center of teh city
in the working class neighborhoods of American industrial cities in the three decades after the Civil War:
ethnic groups often gathered in a particular area
during the late nineteenth century, the American middle class generally:
enjoyed an improvement in its standard of living
the social ethic which prevailed in late nineteenth-century America stressed that:
economic success was available to anyone who worked hard
success and upward mobility in late nineteenth-century America were generally:
more available to native-born, middle-class whites
in its approach to union organization, the Knights of Labor officially:
welcomed both skilled and unskilled workers
the social geography of the industrial city in America during the late nineteenth century indicated that:
people tended to be seperated by class, occupation, and race
as a result of economic developments in the united states during the late nineteenth century:
the united state became one of teh major industrial countries of the world
some of the entrepreneurs of the late nineteenth century in the United States attempted to dominate their chosen area of the economy through vertical integration. Vertical integration involves:
adding operations either before or after the production process
in its attempt to deal with the Pullman strike, the federal government used an injunction, which is a
an imprortant developtment in the operation of teh United States government that occured during the nineteenth century was the:
emergence of a professional bureacracy
in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, American voters
were particularlyinterested in local issues
the typical social reformer in the United States during the late nineteenth century would most likely be
the theory of Social Darwinism promoted the idea that
the maldistribution of wealth in society was justifiable
the period of the late nineteenth century in the United States is often referred to as the "Gilded Age." Gilded implies:
a deceptive outward appearance
Social reformers in late nineteenth-century America considered the laissez faire philosophy advocates the Social Darwinists to be both wasteful and inhumane. Lassiez faire means:
an economic life free of government intervention
the election of 1896 represented:
the triumph of industrialism over agrarianism in American politics
the columbian exposition held in chicago in 1893:
made the inequities in American society more apparent
agricultural and industrial overextension during the late nineteeth-century in the United States contributed to:
in the late nineteenth-century, urban bosses
dispensed patronage jobs in return for votes and contributions
among the issues confronting American political leaders in teh alst three decades of the nineteenth-century was:
a common characteristic of scalawags and carpetbaggers during Reconstruction was that they
cooperated with Republicans and blacks in the new southern government
Jacob Coxey's solution for ending the Depression of 1893 included a call for
government sponsored jobs
The writings of Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, and William Dean Howells attempted to depict the
realism of American life during Gilded Age
As an advocate of the "Gospel of Wealth," Andrew Carnegie believed that
the rich had a moral responsibility to use their wealth to improve society
President Cleveland responded to the 1894 Pullman Strike by
invoking an injuction against the workers and sending troops to break and strike
Which of the following best summarizes the impact of Reconstruction on the South?
Reconstruction failed to make lasting changes in the political and social power structure in the South
When farmers sought an explanation for their economic troubles after the Civil War, they focused on the
inadequate amount of money in circulation in the country
From 1876-1900, the two major political parties were characterized by
internal divisions over economic policies and questions of integrity
Which of the following was true about the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1909?
it included both whites and blacks, and used the courts to attack Jim Crow
In which decision did the Supreme Court invalidate the practice of "seperate but equal" facilities for blacks and whites?
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
The "Ghost Dancer" movement among Western Native Americans stressed all of the following EXCEPT
Which of the following is true of the American rail system int he nineteenth century?
government subsidies and land grants played a major role in its expansion.
the united states army supported Panama's 1903 war of independence agaisnt colombia primarily because
Colombia was asking too high a price for control of the projected Atlantic-Pacific canal
In the late nineteenth century, political machines such as Tammany Hall were successful primarily because
machine politicians provided needed jobs and services to naturalized citizens in return for their votes
The disagreement between W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington regarding the status of African Americans in the early twentieth century is best summed up as a debate over
whether African Americans should fist seek legal or economic equality with white Americans
the "free silver" campaign of 1896 received its greatest popular support from
farmers, who hoped that a more generous money supply would ease their debt burdens
During the decade following passage of the Sherman Antitrust ACt, most courts applied the rule to break up
Which of the following was NOT a result of the Compromise of 1877?
the Democrats took back the House and the Senate
William Randolph Hearst's alleged quote, "You furnish the pictures and i'll furnish the war," refers to
Frederic Remington's assignment to report on Spanish mistreatment of Cubans in 1898
Which of the following was NOT a result of Reconstruction?
the election of black senators and representatives
What best accoutns for the sharp increase of immigrants during the period of 1880-1910?
many southern and eastern Europeans turn to America for financial gain and political freedom
the main purpose of the progressive reforms of initiative, referendum, and recall was to
circumvent elected officials and increase the power of voters
"The growth of a large business is merely a survival oft eh fittest... the American Beauty rose can be produced in the splendor and fragrance which brings cheer to its beholder only by sacrificing the early buds which grow up around it. this is not an evil tendency in business. it is merely the working out of a law of nature and a law of god. author?
john d. rockefeller
helen hunt jackson's a century of dishonor described the
record of the united states government in dealing with native americans
Thaddeus stevens and other radical republicans believed
the rebelliuous states should undergo widespread political and social changes
which of the following is true of industrial working women at the end of the nineteenth century?
women composed about 20 % of the workforce and most women worked to maintain a minimum standard of living for their families.
a central element of Alfred T. Mahan's beliefs concerning expansion was that
control of the sea was the key to world power
in Muller v Oregon, the supreme court upheld the principle promoted by progressives like Florence Kelley and Louis Brandeis that
female workers required special rules and protection on the job
one weapon that was used to put boss tweed, leader of new york city's infamous tweed ring, in jail was
granting immunity to Tweed's cronies in exchange for testimony
in the 1896 case of plessy v ferguson, the supreme court ruled that
"seperate but equal" facilities were constitutional
the political cartoon above
indicates that President McKinley was more than wliling to engage in territorial expansion
US naval captain Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that
control of the sea was the key to world domination by the US
For congressional Republicans, one of the most troubling aspects of the Southern states' restoration to the Union was that
the south would be stronger than ever in national politics
labor unions favored immigration restriction because most immigrants were all of the following EXCEPT
opposed to factory labor
which of the following was NOT part of the coalition that comprised the Populists in the late nineteenth century?
graine elevator operators
in the mid-nineteenth century, strong opposition arose in the US to immigrants who came from
Ireland and Germany
theis labor union was formed right after the end of the Civil WAr and was the first major union to organize workers regardless of their race, gender, or skill level.
National Labor Union
which of the following is assosiated with the post WWII civil rights movement?
brown v board of education of Topeka, Kansas
as a result of the spanish american war, which of the following was ceded to the US?
Booker T. Washington
believed that blacks should forgo political equality until they achieved economic success
Marcus Garvey's universal negro improvement association
found considerable support amongblacks in northern urban areas
which of the following statements best describes the US governments policy in the spanish civil war?
the US maintained a policy of neutrality
"article III: the government of Cuba consents that the United States may exercise the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence..." This is an excerpt from
the Platt Amendment
which of the following best characterizes the south in the antebellum period?
the south was opposed to a high protective tariff
in the election fo 1884 the Republican party was divided into conservative and reform-minded factions knowns as
Mugwaumps and Half-breeds
one of the most famous perspectives in the study of US history is Frederick Jackson Turner's frontier thesis, in which he claims that
the western frontier stimulated the growth of democracy
W.E.B. DuBois was instrumental in helping to establish the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
During the Civil War era, the slave states of Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri all
remained in the union
which of the following is true about the Coercive Acts of 1774?
they were a direct result of the boston tea party
Which of the following actions did Congress take shortly after the Chesapeake-Leopard affair?
it passed the embargo act
they key message of betty friedan's the Feminine Mystique was
well-educated women were wasting their lives as housewives in suburbia
which of the following was a consequence of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930?
it made it harder for europe to pay its war debts and depended the Depression
which of the following is true about the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961?
it assumed that the cuban people would rise against castro
which of the following was true of roack and roll music in the 1950s?
it drew heavily from african-american rhythm and blues
Thaddeus Stevens and other Radical Republicans believed
the rebellious states should undergo widespread political and social changes
the wilmot proviso transformed the politics of the mexican war by
raising the issue of whether terriory aquired through war would be slave or free
early in the civil war, president lincoln hoped to end slavery by
gradually emancipating the slaves, paying the owners and establishing a bi-racial society in America
a central element in Alfred T. Mahan's beliefs concerning expansion was that
control of the sea was the key to world power
which of these court cases supported tohe cartoon's message?
brown v board of education of topeka, kansas
How were the Mayflower Compact and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut similar in purpose?
both were covenants that suggested men must work together to achieve their goals