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42 terms

Controlling stress & tension

Part 1
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Stress
Any situation or constraint that puts excessive demands on an individual making him or her feel as though they can't cope
Stressor stimuli
Pressures related to school, work, relationships or other environmental factors
(stress is...)
Stress as a response
The physical and emotional changes associated with stress
(when I am stressed I feel...)
Morita Therapy
represents the action element of Japanese psychology. It teaches people how to except and co-exist with unpleasant feelings.
personality
our unique collection of thoughts, attitudes, values, beliefs, perceptions, and behaviors that define who we are as people
emotions
A feeling or state of mind and the thoughts and physical reactions associated with them
Holistic health
Related to the whole rather than its individual parts, six dimensions (physical, intellectual, social, environmental, emotional, spiritual)
Perception
The subjective way in which information is regarded and interpreted
Milieu interior
The body's internal enviornment
Homeostasis
A state of relative stability in the body's internal environment, sustained by natural adaptive responses
General Adaptive Syndrome
The three-phase stress response: alarm, resistance, & exhaustion
Alarm stage
The body mobilizes energy to meet the demand of stressors
Resistance stage
The body attempts to maintain homestasis in the face of chronic stressors
Exhaustion stage
A body part or system breaks down as a result of the energy demands of chronic stressors
Distress
Negative demands capable of triggering G.A.S.
Eustress
Positive demands capable of triggering G.A.S.
Strain
The wear and tear of body parts and systems as they fight to maintain homeostasis, minor muscular damage due to excessive physical effort
Adaption energy
The body's finite energy reserves available for coping with stress
Fight-or-flight
The state of physiological readiness for action created by the body during the alarm phase
Wear links
Susceptible body parts or systems that break down under the wear and tear of chronic stressors
Life events
Life changing experiences that use energy and can cause stress
Readjustment
The body's physiological adaptions to life events
Threat
The perception of harm
Threat appraisal process
The evaluation of potential stressors in terms of their threat potential and ability to cope with them
Secondary appraisal
The part of the initial appraisal that answers the question "can I cope with this"
Health
The overall condition of the body and mind. To the presence or absence of energy.
Risk factors
Behaviours that contribute to disease or energy
Health habits
Behaviour that will produce good health or poor health
Hans Selye
psychologist who researched a recurring response to stress that he called the general adaptation syndrome
Stress as a Transaction
the exchange between a potential stressor, how it is perceived and the stress response it causes
Type A personality
a stress prone personality characterized by aggressive competitive and hostile behavior
Type C personality
pleasant but repressed person, who tends to internalize his or her anger and anxiety and who finds expressing emotions difficult. hopeless/helpless
self talk
a persons internal dialogue
belief system
a collection of values, attitudes, and beliefs about the world and interactions between people
Type B personality
Personality characterized by relatively relaxed, patient, easygoing, noncompetitive, & doesn't get hostile/ angry easily
Hardy personality
a stress-resistant personality characterized by commitment, control, and ability to accept change
anger
a strong feeling of displeasure targeted at anything
hostility
anger that is directed at someone
primary stressor
the original stressor that triggers the stress response
secondary stressor
our illogical thoughts about the primary stressor that keep the response alive long after the initial event has passed
Potential stressor
Stimuli that may cause a stress response
Primary appraisal
The part of the initial appraisal that answers the question "is it a threat to me"?