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18 terms

Chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
Discrimination
The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reasons
Relative deprivation
the conscious experience of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectations and present actualities
Absolute deprivation
The minimum level of subsistence below which families or individuals should not be expected to exist
total discrimination
the combination of current discrimination with past discriminaiton created by poor schools and menial jobs
Institutional discrimination
A denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups resulting from the normal operation of a society
Informal economy
transfers of money, goods, or services that are not reported to the government. Common in inner-city neighborhoods and poverty-stricken rural areas
Irregular or underground economy
transfers of money, goods, or services that are not reported to the government. Common in inner-city neighborhoods and poverty-stricken rural areas
Dual Labor Market
Division of the economy into two areas of employment, the secondary one of which is populated primarily by minorities working at menial jobs
States' Rights
The prinicple, reinvoked in the late 1940's that holds that each state is sovereign and has the right to order its own affairs without interference by the federal government
Redlining
The pattern of discrimination against people trying to buy homes in minority and racially changing neighborhoods
Income
Salaries, wages, and other money received
Wealth
An inclusive term encompassing all of a person's material assets, including land and other types of property
Environmental justice
Efforts to ensure that hazardous substances are controlled so that all communities receive protection regardless of race or socioeconomic circumstances
Affirmative action
Positive efforts to recruit subordinate group members, including women, for jobs, promotions, and educaitonal opportunities
Reverse discrimination
Actions that cause better qualified white men to be passed over for women and minority men
Glass Ceiling
The barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified worker because of gender or minority membership
Glass Wall
A barrier to moving laterally in a business to positions that are more likely to lead to upward mobility
Glass Escalator
The male advantage experienced in occupations dominated by women