Create an account
position of the stars and planets at birth determine your personality and affect your behavior
Austrian physician first study was with hysteria and nervous disorders thought all humans were bad unconscious mind
Watson and Skinner
Behaviorists thought psych should only evaluate behaviors(only things a person says, does, or feels)
Maslow and Rogers
emphasized effects of environment and need for love and acceptance; humanists believed people were good
studies, assesses, treats people with psych disorders, helps cope with academic, voc, and marital challenges
medical doctors who use treatments like drugs and psychotherapy to treat psychologically diseased patients
how do psychologists ask and answer questions
a testable prediction often prompted by a theory, to enable us to accept, reject or revise the theory
descriptive methods survey
a technique for ascertaining the self-reported attitudes, opinions or behaviors of people usually done by questioning a representative, random sample of people
if each member of a population has an equal chance of inclusion into a sample, it is called a random sample. If the survey sample is biased, its results are not valid
a technique in which 1 person is studied in depth to reveal underlying behavioral principles
cause and effect
experimentation is the backbone of psychological research, experiments use experimental control to isolate causes and effects
allows researchers to study the influence of 1 or 2 independent variables on a dependent variables while holding other influences constant
factor manipulated by the experimenter effect of independent variable is focus of study
a factor that may change in response to an IV in psych it is a behavior or mental process
double blind procedure
the patients and the experiementer's assistants remain unaware of who receives the drug or placebo
randomly assigning between placebo and real drug minimizes pre-existing differences between the two
a brief electrical charge that travels down and axon and is generated by the movement of positively charged atoms in and out of channels in the axon's membrane
all or none responses
strong stimulus can trigger more neurons to fire, and to fire more often, but it does not affect the action potential speed or strength
junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite of cell body of the receiving neuron.
chemicals released sending neuron travel across synapse and bind to receptor on receiving neuron
carry outgoing information from the cns to muscles and glands. Interneurons connect the two neurons
primary part of brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells and enters the skull. it is responsible for autonomic survival functions
is the brain's sensory switchboard located on top of the brainstem. It directs messages to the sensory areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
a nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal
sense of self, motor control, and higher mental abilities such as reasoning and planning
intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells that covers the cerebral hemisphere. It is the body's ultimate control and processing center
slow chemical communication system. communication is carried out by hormones synthesized by a set of glands
chemicals synthesized by glands that are secreted in the blood stream. hormones affect the brain and other body tissues
an amplified recording of the electrical waves sweeping across the brain's surface, measured by electrodes placed on the scalp
a visual display of brain activity that detects a radioactive form of glucose while the brain performs a given task
our brain has 2 hemispheres. The left processes reading, writing, speaking, mathematics and comprehension skills
contain dna are are situated in the nucleus of a cell. each cell contains 46 chromosomes.
refers to a person's stable emotional reactivity and intensity. identical twins express similar temperaments suggesting heredity predisposes temperament
enforce rigid rules and demand strict obedience to authority; children tend to be emotionally stiff and lacking in curiosity
overly permissive parents
give little guidance, allow too much freedom, or don't hold children accountable for their actions; children tend to be dependent and immature and frequently misbehave
african american families
emphasize loyalty, interdependence, perseverance, respect, and resourcefulness
stress group loyalty, interdependence, achievement, respect, and self-discipline
emphasize obedience, discipline, success, hospitality, hardwork, and achievement
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together