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block grants

federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities to support broad programs in areas such as community development and social services

concurrent power

powers in nations with a federal system of government that are shared by both the state and the federal government

cooperative federalism

a system of gov. in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government (costs, administration, and balm programs poor work)


statutory granting of powers from central government of sovergin state to government at a subnational level like regional local or state levels


a way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same area and people

funded mandates

when a higher level of us government tells lower branches of the government to do something that is a mandate

gibbons v ogden

defined commerce very badly-people are commerce or can be

layer cake federalism

where states and the national governments each remain supreme within their own spheres of power(dual federalism)

mcCullon V. maryland

an 1819 supreme court decision that established the supremacy of the national government over state governments. John Marshall said congress has implied powers and enumerated powers

10th amendment

constitution amendments stating "the powers not delegated to the US by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states are reserved to the states respectively or to the people."

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