If A happens, then B, C etc. will follow
conclusion based on insufficient evidence; an assumption based on an inadequate sample
Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
conclusion that assumes that if B occurred after A, then B caused A
conclusion that the origins of something determines its nature, character, or worth
Begging the Claim
The conclusion that the writer should prove is validated within the claim
Restates the argument rather than proving it
conclusion that oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to only 2 sides or outcomes
attack on the person rather than the idea
diversionary tactic that avoids key issues
oversimplifies opponents viewpoint and attacks the shallow viewpoint
beg the question
leads audience to accept conclusion without considering evidence
conclusion does not follow the premise
"You too"; you should not believe this person because they are a bad person or hypocrite
making a logical leap far greater than what the data allows
emotional appeal to the common values or deep biases of the masses
appeal to ignorance
the claim must be true simply because nobody can disprove it
questions worded unfairly so any answer will support the writers assumptions
empty statement that is composed of simpler statements that make it logically true
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