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67 terms

chapter 11

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pulmonary artery
a blood vessel that carries oxygen poor blood from heart to lungs
systole
contraction phase of heartbeat
mitral valve
located between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart
pericardium
saclike membrane surrounding the heart
SA node sinoatrial node
sensitive tissue in the right atrium wall that begins the heartbeat
coronary arteries
blood vessels branching from the aorta to carry oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle
cardiomyopathy
disease of the heart muscle
phlebitis
inflamation of a vein
sphygmomanometer
instrument to measure blood pressure
aneurysm
a local widening of an artery
cyanosis
bluish coloration of the skin
ischemia
can lead to myocardial infarction blood is held back from area can be caused by thrombotic occlusion of a blood vessel may be a result of coronary artery disease
angina
chest pain relieved with nitroglyrin
arrhythmia
abnormal heart rhythm
peteciae
small pinpoint hemorage
deep vein thromosis(DVT)
bloos clot (thrombus) form in a large vein usually in lower limb
secondary hypertension
high blood pressure due to kidney disease
essential hypertension
high blood pressure with idiopathic etiology
Tetralogy of Fallot
four seperate congenital heart defects
patent
means open
idiopathic
the cause of essential hypertension
digoxin
drug used to strengthen the heartbeat
ck, ld, and ast (scot)
serum enzymes
ECHO
high frequency sound waves are transmitted into the chest
ECHO
echocardiography
phlebotomy
incision of a vein
endarterectomy
removal of plaque from inner lining of an artery
Holter Monitor
and EKG taken durning activities
murmur
abnormal heart sound
pulmon/o
combining form for lung
cyan/o
blue
atri/o
atrium
vascul/o
vessel
aorta
largest artery in the body
arteriole
small artery
atrioventricular bundle (bundle of hiss)
specialized muscle fibers connecting the atria with the ventricles and transmitting electrical impules between them. his is pronuced "hiss"
atrium
upper chamber of the heart
capillary
smallest blood vessel
carbon dioxide
gas released by lungs
oxygen
gas that enters the blood through the lungs
diastole
relaxation phase of the heartbeat
endocardium
inner lining of the heart
systole
contraction phase of the heartbeat
atheroma
are collections of plaque that protude into the lumen (opening) of an artery weaking the middle lining
angina
pain
LVAD
left ventricle assist device used as a bridge to transplant
Tc
technetium radioactive element used in cardiac scans
capillary
smallest blood vessel
ventricle
one of two lower chambers of the heart
carbon dioxide
gas released through lungs
vein
vessels carries blood to lungs and heart
myocardium
heart muscle
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
pulmonary
p.t. lung
tricuspid valve
located between right atrium and right ventricle
arterioles
small artery
aorta
largest artery in the body
coronary
p.t. heart
diastole
relaxation phase of the heartbeat
angina
pain
fibrillation
abnormal rapid heart rhythm
hemorrhoids
swollen blood vessel in the rectal region
phlebotomy
incision of a vein
vasodilation
widening of a vessel
cyanosis
bluish coloration of the skin
embolus
traveling clot that suddenly blocks a blood vessel
systole
contraction phase of heartbeat