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primary water deficit
decreased weight, decreased turgor, dry mucous membranes, increase hematocrit, increase hemoglobin, decreased urine volume, decreased BP, thirst, confusion are symptoms of
principle ICF cation, impt. for muscle contraction all over body. Especially impt. for rhythmic cardiac contraction. controlled by kidneys
Important for transmission of nerve impulses, muscle contraction, blood clotting, bones and teeth formation
numbness, tingling of extremities, muscle cramps/twitching, tetany, convulsions, positive trousseau's sign, chvostek's sign
pathologic fracture that takes place in weak or diseased area of the bones is a symptom of
any condition which interferes with normal respiration so that CO2 retained: pneumonia
signs and symptoms often related to respiratory dz; they include resp. difficulty, increase pulse and increase respiratory
carbonic acid deficit; caused by any condition causing hyperventilation so that excess CO2 is "blown off"
base bicarbonate deficit; excess acids produced, uses up available bicarb; diabetes
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