5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Peptic Ulcer Disease
- Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
- West Nile Fever
- a a disease brought on by a type of bacteria carried by ticks. Symptoms usually develop about 2 to 14 days after the tick bite. They may include: Chills; Confusion; Fever; Headache; Muscle pain
- b a virus of the family Flaviviridae. Part of the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of viruses, it is found in both tropical and temperate regions. It mainly infects birds, but is known to infect humans, horses, dogs, cats, bats, chipmunks, skunks, squirrels, domestic rabbits, crows, robins, crocodiles and alligators. The main route of human infection is through the bite of an infected mosquito.
- c parasitic blood-sucking roundworms having hooked mouth parts to fasten to the intestinal wall of human and other hosts
- d fungal, poisoning by ingestion of ergot-infected grain products, characterized by thirst and diarrhea and nausea and craming and vomiting and abnormal cardiac rhythms; in severe cases it can cause seizures and gangrene of the limbs
- e it causes the most common ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and thus extremely painful. It is defined as mucosal erosions equal to or greater than 0.5 cm. As many as 70-90% of such ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori, a spiral-shaped bacterium that lives in the acidic environment of the stomach; however, only 40% of those cases go to a doctor. Ulcers can also be caused or worsened by drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and other NSAIDs.
5 Multiple choice questions
- also known as tooth decay or a cavity, it is an infection usually bacterial in origin that causes demineralization of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin and cementum) and destruction of the organic matter of the tooth, usually by production of acid by hydrolysis of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface.
- associated with exposure to estuaries inhabited by toxin-forming dinoflagellates, including members of the fish-killing toxic Pfiesteria complex (TPC), Pfiesteria piscicida and Pfiesteria shumwayae. Humans may be exposed through direct contact with water or by inhalation of aerosolized or volatilized toxin(s). The five cases reported here demonstrate the full spectrum of symptoms experienced during acute and chronic stages of this suspected neurotoxin-mediated illness. The nonspecific symptoms most commonly reported are cough, secretory diarrhea, headache, fatigue, memory impairment, rash, difficulty in concentrating, light sensitivity, burning skin upon water contact, muscle ache, and abdominal pain.
- a bacterial STD that causes ulcers or chancres; if untreated, it can lead to mental and physical disabilities and premature death. It is a common venereal disease caused by the Treponema pallidum spirochete
- is infection with the roundworm Trichinella spiralis. Symptoms: Abdominal discomfort; Cramping; Diarrhea; Facial swelling around the eyes; Fever; Muscle pain
- a contagious disease that leads to painful swelling of the salivary glands.
5 True/False questions
Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning → caused by dinoflagellates producing saxitoxins that cause toxicity by binding to a molecule that is required for nerve and muscle activity
Tapeworm → an infection with the tapeworm parasite found in beef or pork. Symptoms: Tapeworm infection usually does not cause any symptoms. However, some people may have abdominal discomfort.
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever → an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) → a type (strain) of staph bacteria that does not respond to some antibiotics that are commonly used to treat staph infections.
Dengue Fever → a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. Symptoms: Arrhythmias, heart dysfunction; Bleeding