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James Otis

"NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION IS TYRANNY" extreme radical- fired pistols, broke windows- wrote pamphlets on how colonists did not have to pay the British taxes

Thomas Jefferson

born into a wealthy farming family,author of the Declaration of Independence, patriotic, joined Patrick Henry, became member of the House of Burgesses, and was the American ambassador to Paris, France in 1783- saw the French Revolution

Thomas Paine

American pure idealist, wrote pamphlets such as, "Common Sense," that explained to the Americans that it was time to separate from England

Samuel Adams

made Committee of Correspondances, known as Boston's "rabble rouser," wanted to declare independence from England

Benedict Arnold

tried to sell, West Point, to the British

King George III

king of England during war of Independence- american revolution


Colonists who stayed loyal to the British


upper house of Congress, two votes per Senate


upper house of Congress, two votes per

House of Representatives

lower house of Congress, membership based on population

Legislative Branch

makes the laws or passes them

Executive Branch

has the power to veto laws

Judiciary Branch

has the power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional


system in which power is divided between central and state governments


change to the Constitution of the United States

Founding Fathers

refers to 55 delegates who drafted the Constitution of the United States


the supreme law of the land, or law of AMERICA

Premeable to the Constitution

"We the people..." states goals of the Constitution

Delegated Powers

powers granted to the branches of government that are stated in the Constitution

Bill of Rights

refers to the first 10 amendments of the Constitution

Tenth Amendment

protects reserved state powers

Implied Powers

powers that the government needs to carry out as its expected duty, but these powers are not in the Constitution, or written down

Elastic Clause

Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18- gives Congress a wide range of implied powers- broad Constitution interpretation


House of Rep. power to accuse the President or any other government official of not doing what they are supposed to, their duties

Seperation of Powers

the division of power among the three branches, legislative, executive, and judicial

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