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25 terms

History 2009

STUDY
PLAY
James Otis
"NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION IS TYRANNY" extreme radical- fired pistols, broke windows- wrote pamphlets on how colonists did not have to pay the British taxes
Thomas Jefferson
born into a wealthy farming family,author of the Declaration of Independence, patriotic, joined Patrick Henry, became member of the House of Burgesses, and was the American ambassador to Paris, France in 1783- saw the French Revolution
Thomas Paine
American pure idealist, wrote pamphlets such as, "Common Sense," that explained to the Americans that it was time to separate from England
Samuel Adams
made Committee of Correspondances, known as Boston's "rabble rouser," wanted to declare independence from England
Benedict Arnold
tried to sell, West Point, to the British
King George III
king of England during war of Independence- american revolution
Loyalists
Colonists who stayed loyal to the British
Senate
upper house of Congress, two votes per Senate
Senate
upper house of Congress, two votes per
House of Representatives
lower house of Congress, membership based on population
Legislative Branch
makes the laws or passes them
Executive Branch
has the power to veto laws
Judiciary Branch
has the power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
Federalism
system in which power is divided between central and state governments
Amendment
change to the Constitution of the United States
Founding Fathers
refers to 55 delegates who drafted the Constitution of the United States
Constitution
the supreme law of the land, or law of AMERICA
Premeable to the Constitution
"We the people..." states goals of the Constitution
Delegated Powers
powers granted to the branches of government that are stated in the Constitution
Bill of Rights
refers to the first 10 amendments of the Constitution
Tenth Amendment
protects reserved state powers
Implied Powers
powers that the government needs to carry out as its expected duty, but these powers are not in the Constitution, or written down
Elastic Clause
Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18- gives Congress a wide range of implied powers- broad Constitution interpretation
Impeach
House of Rep. power to accuse the President or any other government official of not doing what they are supposed to, their duties
Seperation of Powers
the division of power among the three branches, legislative, executive, and judicial