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HISTORY TEST CHAPTER 2
Terms in this set (16)
Who said "I think therefor, I am." and said that the universe was used as a machine?
What is the Divine Providence?
The Divine providence is that God created the World and continuatley took care of it.
In the 1800, what was the religion that admited the existence of God, but denied his providence?
who was the Dutch philosopher that abonded his Jewish faith and then went to science and said that God is the Universe?
What is the term for those who held the beleif that no one can have knowledge of truth and that there shall be no restrictions of freedom of speech of thought?
Who was the father of Enlightenment?
What was the best form of government according to John Locke?
The best form of government according to John Locke was that the government is controlled by the majority of the free citizens, who rule though a representative assembly, such as parliment.
What were three right, that John Locke said would stand firm?
Life, Liberty, and Property
What form of government did Voltaire favor?
What political philosophy that says the government exists to protect the rights of an individual as long as they dont hurt anyone?
What did Voltair call it?
The Infamous one
Did the Catholic political thinkers beleive in that state of nature?
No because liberalism believed whatever they want to do as long as it didnt hurt anyone, but the church said that we come together for the common good
What do we call the 18th century movement that insisted the reason and science alone were the aspects of life?
The Enlightenment period
Who was the philosopher who created the encyclopedia?
Which philosopher said that the best form of government is a republic small enough to allow the citizens to gather to make laws?
Jean jasques Rousseau
What is the name of the book that said that eh power of the government is form the people who form a social contract in which they agree to abonan their liberties to be ruled by the general will of the Citizens?
The social contract. The social contract then becomes a democracy.
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