Terms to know by the end of Chapter 4

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prime number

a number that can only be divided evenly by 1 and itself

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composite number

a number that can be divided evenly by more than 1 and itself

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prime factorization

all the prime numbers that multiply to give us the number

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factor (verb)

write a number's prime factorization

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Greatest Common Factor (GCF)

the biggest number that can be evenly divided into both numbers

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factors (noun)

numbers that multiply to give a product

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monomial

a number, variable, or product of numbers and variables, for example: 8x

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base

the number that is multiplied

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exponent

tells how many times we multiply the base

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power

a number with an exponent

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standard form

a number without exponents

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expanded form

a number with exponents showing the place value

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simplest form

when the numerator and the denominator of the fraction have a GCF of 1

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scientific notation

writing very large or very small numbers as the product of a number and a power of 10