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116 terms

EMT FINAL EXAM

STUDY
PLAY
THE CERVICAL SPINE IS COMPOSED OF ___ VERTEBRAE
SEVEN (7)
WHICH COMPONENTS ARE NEEDED TO PROVE NEGLIGENCE?
-DUTY TO ACT
-BREACH OF DUTY
-INJURY/DAMAGES
-CAUSATION
THE EXCHANGE OF O2 AND NUTRIENTS FOR WASTE PRODUCTS OF METABOLISM OCCURS AT THE CELLULAR LEVEL IN THE....
CAPILLARIES
AREAS OF THE SPINE IN DESCENDING ORDER
-CERVICAL
-THORACIC
-LUMBAR
-SACRAL
-COCCYX
THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF THE RIGHT ATRIUM IS TO...
RECEIVE BLOOD FROM THE VENA CAVA
THE MANNER IN WHICH THE EMT MUST ACT OR BEHAVE WHEN CARING FOR A PATIENT
STANDARD OF CARE
THE VOCAL CORDS ARE LOCATED IN THE
LARYNX
FUNCTION OF PLATELETS
FORMATION OF BLOOD CLOTS
THE AXIAL SKELETON IS COMPOSED OF THE...
-SKULL
-FACE
-THORAX
-VERTEBRAL COLUMN
SKELETAL MUSCLE IS ALSO CALLED
VOLUNTARY MUSCLE
QUID PRO QUO
TYPE OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT, WHEN HARASSER REQUEST SEXUAL FAVORS IN EXCHANGE FOR SOMETHING ELSE
NARCAN IS ADMINISTERED BY THE EMT-B VIA:
AUTOMIZER
CORRECT DOSE OF EPINEPHRINE IN AN ADULR AUTO-INJECTOR
.3 MG
ADSORPTION
THE PROCESS OF BINDING OR STICKING TO A SURGACE (ACTIVATED CHARCOAL)
CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR ADMINISTERING ACTIVATED CHARCOAL
-INABILITY TO SWALLOW
-UNCONSCIOUS
-INGESTION OF ALKALI OR CAUSTIC MATERIAL
CONTRAINDICATION OF ADMINISTERING NITROGLYCERIN
SYSTOLIC BP IS LESS THAN 100MM HG
DOSE OF ASPIRIN FOR CHEST PAIN
162-324 MG
DOSE OF ACTIVATED CHARCOAL
1 GRAM FOR 1 KG OF BODYWEIGHT
GIVEN FOR CARDIAC-RELATED CHEST PAIN, __________ RELAXES THE WALLS OF THE CORONARY ARTERIES
NITROGLYCERIN
PEDIATRIC DOSE OF EPINEPHRINE
.15 MG
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MEDICATION ROUTES HAS THE SLOWEST RATE OF ABSORPTION?
ORAL
WHAT CAN CAUSE THE PUPILS TO REMAIN SIGNIFICANTLY CONSTRICTED?
OVERDOSE OF AN OPIATE DRUG
NORMAL RESPIRATORY RATE FOR AN ADULT
12 TO 20 BREATHS PER MINUTE
GOAL OF THE PRIMARY ASSESSMENT
IDENTIFY AND RAPIDLY TREAT ALL LIFE-THREATENING CONDITIONS
CAPILLARY REFILL TIME IN AN INFANT
2 SECONDS
SYSTOLIC PRESSURE
THE PRESSURE EXERTED AGAINST THE WALLS OF THE ARTERY WHEN THE LEFT VENTRICLE CONTRACTS
IN RESPONSIVE PATIENTS THAT ARE OLDER THAN 1, PALPATE THE PULSE AT THE _____ARTERY
RADIAL
NORMAL SKIN COLOR, TEMP AND CONDITION
PINK, WARM AND DRY
IN AN ADULT, BRADYCARDIA IS DEFINED AS
A PULSE RATE LESS THAN 60 BEATS/MIN
IN AN ADULT, TACHYCARDIA IS DEFINED AS
A HEART RATE GREATER THAN 100 BEATS/MIN
A PATIENT WHO IS SWEATING PROFUSELY IS REFERRED TO AS BEING:
DIAPHORETIC
THE MOST SIGNIFICANT COMPLICATION ASSOCIATED WITH OROPHARYNGEAL SUCTIONING IS
HYPOXIA DUE TO PROLONGED SUCTION ATTEMPTS
THE ACTUAL EXCHANGE OF 02 AND C02 OCCURS IN THE
ALVEOLAR SACS
AN OXYGEN TANK SHOULD BE TAKEN OUT OF SERVICE AND REFILLED WHEN THE PRESSURE INSIDE IS LESS THAN
LESS THAN 500 PSI
CHEYNE-STOKES RESPIRATIONS
IRREGULAR RESPIRATIONS CHARACTERIZED BY AN INCREASING RATE AND DEPTH OF BREATHING FOLLOWED BY PERIODS OF APNEA
LEAF-SHAPED STRUCTURE LOCATED SUPERIOR TO THE LARYNX
EPIGLOTTIS
SHOCK IS THE RESULT OF
HYPOPERFUSION TO THE CELLS OF THE BODY
IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN, CAP REFILL GREATER THAN 2 SECS IS A SIGN OF
POOR PERIPHERAL PERFUSION
HYPOTENSION IN A CHILD WITH BLUNT OR PENETRATING TRAUME OFTEN INDICATES:
THE LOSS OF HALF OF HIS/HER BLOOD VOLUME (THIS IS A LATE STAGE OF SHOCK)
PULMONARY EDEMA AND IMPAIRED VENTILATION OCCUR DURING WHICH TYPE OF SHOCK?
CARDIOGENIC SHOCK
CIRCULAR MUSCULAR WALLS THAT REGULATE BLOOD FLOW THROUGH THE CAPILLARIES
CAPILLARY SPHINCTERS
DISTRIBUTIVE SHOCK OCCURS WHEN:
WIDESPREAD DILATION OF THE BLOOD VESSELS CAUSES BLOOD TO POOL IN THE VASCULAR BEDS
NEUROGENIC SHOCK OCCURS WHEN"
FAILURE OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM CAUSES WIDESPREAD VASODILATION
_____MY BE THE LAST MEASURABLE FACTOR TO CHANGE IN SHOCK
BLOOD PRESSURE
INJURY TO A HOLLOW ORGAN WOULD MOST LIKELY RESULT IN
LEAKAGE OF CONTENTS INTO THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY
ATHEROSCLEROSIS
NARROWING OF THE CORONARY ARTERIES DUE TO A BUILDUP OF FATTY DEPOSITS
CLASSIC SIGNS OF HYPOGLYCEMIA
COOL, CLAMMY SKIN
WEAKNESS
TACHYCARDIA
RAPID RESPIRATIONS
STRIDOR
HARSH, HIGH-PITCHED INSPIRATORY SOUNDS IN THE UPPER AIRWAY
AN AED DELIVERS PROMPT DEFIBRILLATION TO PATIENTS WITH
VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION
NITROGLYCERIN RELIEVES CARDIAC-RELATED CHEST PAIN BY
DILATING CORONARY ARTERIES AND IMPROVING CARDIAC BLOOD FLOW
NORMAL BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL
BETWEEN 80 AND 120 MG/DL.
TWO MOST COMMON SIGNS OF ANAPHYLAXIS
WHEEZING
URTICARIA (HIVES)
AT THE ONSET OF AN ACUTE ASTHMA ATTACK, PATIENTS COMMONLY EXPERIENCE DIFFICULTY BREATHING AND
EXPIRATORY WHEEZING
ANAPHYLAXIS IS CHARACTERIZED BY AIRWAY______ AND ____TENSION
SWELLING
HYPO
ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE
DECREASED BLOOD FLOW TO ONE OR MORE PORTIONS OF THE MYOCARDIUM
INSULIN SHOCK OCCURS IF
PATIENT TAKES TOO MUCH OF HIS PRESCRIBED INSULIN
_______OVERDOSE IS NOT ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERVENTILATION
NARCOTIC OD
COMMON SIGN OF AMI
IRREGULAR HEARTBEAT
SUDDEN UNEXPLAINED SWEATING
SHORTNESS OF BREATH / DYSPNEA
USUAL DOSE OF ACTIVATED CHARCOAL MAXIMUM ADULTS AND PEDIATRIC
PEDIATRIC- UP TO 25 GRAMS
ADULT- UP TO 50 GRAMS
AFTER ASSISTING WITH NITRO...
REASSESS BP WITHIN 5 MINS TO DETECT HYPOTENSION
DEOXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE BODY RETURNS TO THE
RIGHT ATRIUM
KUSSMAUL RESPIRATIONS ARE AN INDICATION THAT THE BODY IS...
ATTEMPTING TO ELIMINATE ACIDS FROM THE BODY
A PT WITH GALLSTONES WOULD COMPLAIN OF PAIN IN:
UPPER RIGHT QUADRANT WITH REFERRED PAIN TO THE RIGHT SHOULDER
THE SPINAL CORD EXITS THE CRANIUM THROUGH THE
FORAMEN MAGNUM
WHAT PHYSIOLOGIC ACTIONS DOES EPINEPHRINE PRODUCE WHEN GIVEN FOR AN ALLERGIC REACTION?
VASOCONSTRICTION
BRONCHODILATION
OCCURS WHEN ORGANS PROTRUDE THROUGH AN OPEN WOUND
ABDOMINAL EVISCERATION
EXTERNAL BLEEDING FROM A VEIN IS RELATIVELY EASY TO CONTROL BECAUSE
VEINS ARE UNDER A LOWER PRESSURE
BRUISING TO THE RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT OF THE ABDOMEN FOLLOWING BLUNT TRAUMA IS MOST SUGGESTIVE OF INJURY TO
THE LIVER
BLEEDING FROM SOFT-TISSUE INJURIES TO THE FACE IS MOST EFFECTIVELY CONTROLLED WITH
DIRECT PRESSURE USING DRY, STERILE DRESSINGS
HEATSTROKE OCCURS WHEN
THE BODY'S HEAT-ELIMINATING MECHANISMS ARE OVERWHELMED AND CAN NO LONGER SWEAT
PERFUSTION
CIRCULATION OF BLOOD WITHIN AN ORGAN IN ADEQUATE AMOUNTS TO MEET THE BODY'S METABOLIC NEEDS
TREATMENT FOR JELLYFISH STING
IRRIGATING WOUND WITH VINEGAR AND IMMERSING HIS LEG IN HOT WATER
AVULSION
AN INJURY THAT SEPARATES VARIOUS LAYERS OF SOFT TISSUE, RESULTING IN COMPLETE DETACHMENT OR A FLAP OF SKIN
DISLOCATION
DISRUPTION OF A JOING IN WHICH THE BONE ENDS ARE NO LONGER IN CONTACT
ARTERIOLES
SMALLER VESSELS THAT CARRY BLOOD AWAY FROM THE HEART AND CONNECT THE ARTERIES TO THE CAPILLARIES
BLACK WIDOW SPIDER
LARGE SPIDER WITH RED-ORANGE "HOURGLASS" MARK ON ITS ABDOMEN
THE EYEBALL ITSELF IS REFERRED TO AS
GLOBE
PATIENTS WITH RIB FRACTURES WILL COMMONLY (BREATHE)
RAPIDLY AND SHALLOWLY
HYPOTHERMIA OCCURS WHEN THE CORE BODY TEMP FALLS BELOW
95 F, 35 C
OPEN PNEUMOTHORAX OCCURS WHEN
AIR ENTERS THE PLEURAL SPACE FROM OUTSIDE THE BODY
PERITONITIS USUALLY OCCURS WHEN
HOLLOW ABDOMINAL ORGANS SPILL THEIR CONTENTS
TWO WAYS OUR BODY ELIMINATES HEAT
SWEATING
DILATION OF SKIN BLOOD VESSELS
THE ____OF A BULLET HAS THE GREATEST IMPACT ON PRODUCING INJURY
SPEED
THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
BONES AND VOLUNTARY MUSCLES
POSITIVE INDICATORS OF A FRACTURE
CREPITUS AND FALSE MOTION
COMPARED TO AN ADULT, THE DIAPHRAM DICTATES THE AMOUNT OF AIR A CHILD INSPIRES BECAUSE
INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES ARE NOT WELL DEVELOPED
PID DOES NOT TYPICALLY AFFECT THE
URINARY BLADDER
A TUBE FROM THE BRAIN TO THE ABDOMEN THAT DRAINS EXCESSIVE CS FLUID
SHUNT
SYNCOPE IN OLDER PATIENTS IS CAUSED BY
INTERRUPTION OF BLOOD FLOW TO THE BRAIN
DETERMINING FREQUENCY OF LABOR CONTRACTIONS- TIME THE CONTRACTIONS FROM THE:
START OF ONE TO THE START OF THE NEXT
AMNIOTIC FLUID SERVES TO
INSULATE AND PROTECT THE FETUS
DURING TRUE LABOE, UTERINE CONTRACTIONS....
BECOME MORE REGULAR
ECLAMPSIA
SEIZURES THAT RESULT FROM SEVERE HYPERTENSION
PLACENTA
ALLOWS 02, CO2, AND OTHER PRODUCTS TO TRANSFER BETWEEN MOTHER AND FETUS BUT DOES NOT ALLOW THEIR BLOOD TO MIX
SUPINE HYPOTENSIVE SYNDROME
THE PREGNANT UTERUS COMPRESSES THE INFERIOR VENA CAVA
CARDIAC ARREST IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS IS MOST COMMONLY THE RESULT OF
RESPIRATORY OR CIRCULATORY FAILURE
OSTEOPOROSIS
DECREASE IN BONE MASS AND DENSITY
AS A WOMAN APPROACHES MENOPAUSE
HER MENSTRUAL PERIODS BECOME IRREGULAR AND VARY IN SEVERITY
DISINFECTION IS MOST ACCURATELY DEFINED AS
KILLING PATHOGENIC AGENTS WITH A CHEMICAL MADE FOR THAT PURPOSE
WHAT RESPONSIBILITY/DUTY DOES NOT FALL WITHIN THE REALM OF THE MEDICAL BRANCH OF THE ICS?
EXTRICATION
AS A TRIAGE SUPERVISOR, YOU:
MUST NOT BEGIN TREATMENT UNTIL ALL PATIENTS HAVE BEEN TRIAGED
WHAT ACTIVITIES OCCUR IN THE "WARM ZONE"?
DECONTAMINATION
WHAT IS THE TYPICAL FUNCTION OF THE RESCUE TEAM?
TO PROVIDE SAFE ENTRY AND ACCESS TO PATIENTS
THE LEAST PRACTICAL PLACE TO STORE A PORTABLE OXYGEN CYLINDER IS:
IN THE DRIVER'S COMPARTMENT
THE MOST APPROPRIATE LOCATION TO PARK YOUR AMBULANCE AT A HAZMAT INCIDENT IS:
UPWIND AT LEAST 100' AND UPHILL AT LEAST 25' FROM THE INCIDENT SITE
THE MAJORITY OF A HORIZONTAL PATIENT'S WEIGHT IS IN THE
TORSO
AMI OCCURS WHEN
MYOCARDIAL TISSUE DIES SECONDARY TO AN ABSENCE OF OXYGEN
EPINEPHRINE IS INDICATED FOR PATIENTS WITH AN ALLERGIC REACTION WHEN _____ AND _____ ARE PRESENT
WHEEZING AND
HYPOTENSION
SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF A STROKE DEPENDS ON:
WHETHER THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY IS GIVEN WITHIN 3 HOURS AFTER SYMPTOM ONSET
MAXIMUM DOSES FOR NITRO
3 DOSES
THREE MAJOR PARTS OF THE BRAIN
CEREBRUM
CEREBELLUM
BRAIN STEM
SPLEEN
ASSISTS IN BLOOD FILTRATION, SERVES AS A BLOOD RESERVOIR, AND PRODUCES ANTIBODIES
HEROIN IS AN EXAMPLE OF AN
OPIOID
SOLID ABDOMINAL ORGANS INCLUDE THE
SPLEEN
KIDNEYS
PANCREAS
DIABETIC COMA
"HYPERGLYCEMIA" COOL, CLAMMY SKIN
TYPE 1 DIABETES
CONDITION IN WHICH NO INSULIN IS PRODUCED BY THE BODY