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Ch 2. terms part 2


Any person, agent, firm, or corporation having a legal or equitable interest in the property


An official document or certificate issued by the authority have jurisdiction that authorizes performance of a specified activity


An individual, heirs, executors, administrators or assigns, and also includes a firm, partnership or corporation, its or their successors or assigns, or the agent of any of the aforesaid


A substance used to produce refrigeration by its expansion or evaporation

Soil Stack or Pipe

A pipe that conveys sewage containing fecal material

Smoke-Developed Index

A comparative measure, expressed as a dimensionless number, derived from measurements of smoke obscuration versus time for a material tested in accordance with ASTM E 84


Equipment, materials or products to which have been affixed a label, seal, symbol or other identifying mark of a nationally recognized testing laboratory, inspection agency or other organization concerned with product evaluation that maintains periodic inspection of the production of the above-labeled items and whose labeling indicates either that the equipment, material or product meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.

Light Framed Construction

A type of construction whose vertical and horizontal structural elements are primarily formed by a system of repetitive wood or cold-formed steel framing members.


Equipment, materials, products or services included in a list published by an organization acceptable to the code official and concerned with evaluation of products or services that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment or materials or periodic evaluation of services and whose listing states either that the equipment, material, product or service meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.

Live Load

Those loads produced by the use and occupancy of the building or other structure and do not include construction or environmental loads such as wind load, snow load, rain load, earthquake load, flood load or dead load.

Living space

Space within a dwelling unit utilized for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, bathing, washing and sanitation purposes.

Masonry Chimney

A field-constructed chimney composed of solid masonry units, bricks, stones or concrete.

Manufactured home

A structure, transportable in one or more sections, which in the traveling mode is 8 body feet (2438 body mm) or more in width or 40 body feet (12 192 body mm) or more in length, or, when erected on site, is 320 square feet (30 m2) or more, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning and electrical systems contained therein; except that such term shall include any structure that meets all the requirements of this paragraph except the size requirements and with respect to which the manufacturer voluntarily files a certification required by the secretary (HUD) and complies with the standards established under this title. For mobile homes built prior to June 15, 1976, a label certifying compliance to the Standard for Mobile Homes, NFPA 501, in effect at the time of manufacture is required.

Multiple Station Smoke Alarm

Two or more single station alarm devices that are capable of interconnection such that actuation of one causes all integral or separate audible alarms to operate.

Noncombustible material

Materials that pass the test procedure for defining noncombustibility of elementary materials set forth in ASTM E 136

Nonconditioned space

A space that is not a conditioned space by insulated walls, floors or ceilings.

Platform Construction

A method of construction by which floor framing bears on load bearing walls that are not continuous through the story levels or floor framing.

Plumbing fixture

A receptor or device that requires both a water-supply connection and a discharge to the drainage system, such as water closets, lavatories, bathtubs and sinks. Plumbing appliances as a special class of fixture are further defined.

Plumbing system

Includes the water supply and distribution pipes, plumbing fixtures, supports and appurtenances; soil, waste and vent pipes; sanitary drains and building sewers to an approved point of disposal.

Potable water

Water free from impurities present in amounts sufficient to cause disease or harmful physiological effects and conforming in bacteriological and chemical quality to the requirements of the public health authority having jurisdiction.

Precast Concrete

A structural concrete element cast elsewhere than its final position in the structure.

Pressure relief valve

A pressure-actuated valve held closed by a spring or other means and designed to automatically relieve pressure at the pressure at which it is set.

Public sewer

A common sewer directly controlled by public authority

Public water main

A water-supply pipe for public use controlled by public authority.

Public way

Any street, alley or other parcel of land open to the outside air leading to a public street, which has been deeded, dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated to the public for public use and that has a clear width and height of not less than 10 feet (3048 mm)

R-value, Thermal Resistance

The inverse of the time rate of heat flow through a building thermal envelope element from one of its bounding surfaces to the other for a unit temperature difference between the two surfaces, under steady state conditions, per unit area (h · ft2 · °F/Btu).

Registered Design Professional

An individual who is registered or licensed to practice their respective design profession as defined by the statutory requirements of the professional registration laws of the state or jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed


The reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing building for the purpose of its maintenance.

Return Air

Air removed from an approved conditioned space or location and recirculated or exhausted.


A water pipe that extends vertically one full story or more to convey water to branches or to a group of fixtures.

Roof Assembly

A system designed to provide weather protection and resistance to design loads. The system consists of a roof covering and roof deck or a single component serving as both the roof covering and the roof deck. A roof assembly includes the roof deck, vapor retarder, substrate or thermal barrier, insulation, vapor retarder, and roof covering.

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