The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics is the group that is considered responsible for establishing mathematics standards: - The Common Core State Standards for School Mathematics - The Principles and Standards for School Mathematics - Process Standards: 1. Communication 2. Reasoning and Proof 3. Connections 4. Problem Solving 5. Representations - Principle and Standards - fully explains the standards at each of the grade bands. - Focal Points - published by NCTM - other professional organizations recommended by NCTM
State and Local Guidelines
Almost every state has a document with standards.
Two sources: (1) Second Handbook for Research on Mathematics Learning and Teaching, (2) Teaching and Learning Mathematics: Translating Research for Elementary School Teachers. - The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is the nation's measure of students' achievement and trends in achievement in the academic subjects.
Cultural and International Resources
- The Trends in Mathematical and Science Study (TIMMS), an international study given at grades 4 and 8, clearly shows that U.S. students could do better in mathematics. The TIMMS study collects information about curriculum, teaching and teachers.
Text Books and Other Materials
- textbooks - Teacher's manuals
- the Web
Journals, conferences, etc.
Workshops, college courses, conferences, etc.
Teachers learn from each other.
Discuss five sources of help that you can turn to when considering the mathematics program
- teachers - research - textbooks and other materials - electronic materials - professional organizations
Compare and contrast the organization of the national math standards and the New York State Standards.
National Math Standards: Pr-K - 2, 3 - 5, 6 - 8. 5 contents and 5 process. (The how) New York State Standards: Gr. 1 - 6, Mathematical Practices - 8 statements