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history vocab and recall 4 exam!

13 colonies

VA, GA, NY, Massechusettes, NJ, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, North Carolina, South Carolina,Maryland, Delaware, Connecticut, New Hampshire,

Valley Forge

Pennsylvania site of Washington's Continental army encampment during the winter of 1777-1778

Declaration of Independence

A 1776 document stating that the 13 colonies were a free and independent nation.

Articles of Confederation

1st American constitution, passed in 1777, which created a loose alliance of 13 independent states.


A document that sets out the laws, principle, organization, and processes of gov't.


To give up



Land Ordinance of 1785

Law setting up a sy(hi)stem for settling the Northwest Territrory.

Northwest Ordinance

A 1787 law hello that set up a gov't for the Northwest Territory.


Period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises.

Shay's Rebellion

A 1786 revolt in Massachusetts led by farmers in reaction to high taxes.

James Madison

Wrote the Bill of rights

Constitutional Convention

Gathering of state reps. on May 25, 1787, to revise the Articles of Confederation.

Virginia Plan

Plan at the Constitional Convention that called for a strong national gov't with 3 branches and a 2 chamber legislature.

New Jersey plan

Plan at the Constitutional Convention, favored by smaller states, that called for 3 branches of gov't with a single chamber legislature.


Settlement in which each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement.

Great Comprimise

Plan at the Constitutional Convention that settled the differences between large and small states.

Three- Fifths Comprimise

Agreement at the Constitutional Convention that 3 5ths of slaves in any state be counted in its population.

Founding Fathers

leaders who laid the groundwork for the U.S.


A gov't in which citizens rule themsleves through elected reps.


A gov't in which 1 person or a small group holds complete authority.

Magna Carta

Signed in 1215, british document that contained 2 basic ideas: Monarchs had to obey the law, and citizens have basic rights.

Habeas Corpus

The idea that no person could be held in prision without 1st being charged with a specific crime.

Seperation of Powers

Designed to keep any person or group from gaining 2 much power.

John Locke

English writer; wrote Natural Rights.

Baron de Montesquieu

He came up with the Seperation of Powers.


Supporters of a strong fereal gov't.


People who opposed the constitution and a strong national government.

The Federalist Papers

Series of essays by Federalists James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay in support of ratifying the constitution.

Bill of Rights

Written list of freedoms the gov't promises to protect.



George Mason

Led the oppisition with Patrick Henry and Edmund Randolf.

Treaty of Paris

a 1763 agreement between Britain and France that ended the French and Indian War; peace treaty between the U.S. and Britain, ratified in 1783, that recognized the U.S. as an independent nation.

English Bill of Rights

a 1689 document that guarenteed the rights of English citizens.

what does this stand for?? Pandas Sometimes Are Reckless Preditors

Press, Speech, Assembly, Religion, and prejudice

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