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15 terms

Psychology

Vocabulary Chapter 1
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psychiatry
the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
psychology
the study of behavior and the mind
structuralism
the structure of the mind and it's parts
functionalism
investigates the function of consciousness; this led to the investigation of mental testing and developmental patterns
mean
add up all observations and divide by the number of observations
median
The middle number in a set of numbers that are listed in order
mode
the observation that occurs most often
hindsight bias
the tendency people have to view events as more predictable than they really are
false consensus effect
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors
random sample
a sample in which every element in the population has an equal chance of being selected
placebo effect
any effect that seems to be a consequence of administering a placebo
scatterplot
..., A graphed cluster of dots, each of which represents the values of two variables
z score
a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from the norm (average or mean)
random assignment
each subject of the sample has an equal likelihood of being chosen for the experimental group of an experiment
statistical significance
a statistical statement of how likely it is that an obtained result occurred by chance