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50 terms

Gold Rush

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Why is gold popular for making jewelry?
beauty & softness
Why is gold valuable?
Gold is scarce
What is the earliest record of cups and jewelry made from gold?
3500 BC
During the Middle Ages, what men tried to make gold?
Alchemists
When and where was the first American Gold Rush?
Georgia 1828
What were 2 ways of getting to the gold fields?
land and sea
What were two dangers of the overland route to the gold fields?
Poor planning, diseases, and taking shortcuts
What was one danger of sea travel?
rough seas and unsafe ships
What was one disadvantage of teh Panama route?
waiting too long for ships
What stayed in the miner's pan after the sand, gravel, and water washed out?
Gold
How many men were needed to operate a cradle?
2 or 3
What mining device was 12 - 25 feet long and could trap more gold than a cradle?
long tom
What is coyote mining?
Mining in underground shafts
What mining technique used high-powered hoses to wash off the mountain sides?
Hydraulic mining
What mining method was eventually banned because of its damage to the environment?
Hydraulic mining
When was gold first discovered in California?
January 24, 1848
Who discovered gold in California?
James Marshall
What nickname is given to the men who rushed to California in 1849?
forty-niners
What were miners forced to create when they arrived in California
Laws and government
What is the Mother Lode?
California gold field
what happened to California's population as a result of the gold rush?
population increased rapidly
What could a miner do if he felt mistreated by a group of miners?
Call a camp meeting
How was camp justice administered?
Rough and quick
How did a miner stake a claim?
Mark the land with a stake in a claim, and file a claim with the camp recorder
How did the miners govern themselves?
Democratic camp meetings
What were 2 non-white groups that worked in the mine fields?
Latin Americans, Chinese, Mexicans, Native Americans
\How were the Chinese treated in the mining camps?
poorly
Justice was fair to everyone except what race?
Any non-white man
Why was the god and silver discovery in Nevada called the Comstock Lode?
Comstock bragged so much about his gold discovery that they named it after him
Who made the Comstock discovery?
Patick McLaughlin and Peter O'Reilly
What was the dollar value of the gold & silver mined from Comstock?
$400 million
How was mining the Comstock different from earlier gold rushes?
Big companies mined for the gold
When was gold discovered in Colorado?
1859 or 1858
What did the early Colorado gold rushers paint on their wagons?
"Pike's Peak or Bust!"
What kind of books were first written about the Colorado gold rush?
guide books
What happened to Colorado as a result of the gold rush?
Population increased and resulted in becoming a state.
Where was gold discovered in 1859?
Colorado and Nevada
What were prices like in the mining towns?
very high
What did the miners do for entertainment?
gambled, danced, and played games
What were living conditions like in a mining camp?
Unsanitary and harsh
What 2 diseases did miners contract?
Cholera, yellow fever, and scurvy
Where was gold and silver in Nevada discovered?
Virginia City
Why did the Indians dislike the miners?
Miners took away their land and scared away game
Who discovered gold in Australia?
Hargraves
How was Australia's government different from California's?
It was already established
What is "The Welcome Stranger"?
a 140 pound gold nugget
When was most of the Alaskan gold found?
Spring and summer of 1897
What hardships did the Alaskan gold rushers face?
starvation, extreme cold, and diseases
Who owned the Black Hills when gold was discovered there?
Sioux Indian tribe
In what 3 states (other than Alaska, California, Nevada, or Colorado) was gold discovered in the late 19th century?
Montana, South Dakota, and Idaho