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31 terms

Lab Values

Nursing assessment Lab values: (MOSBY'S Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference, 9th edition, Pagana Pagana, 2009)
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White blood cell count (WBC):
5,000-10,000/mm^3 (or 5-10 x 10^9/ L)
Red blood cell count (RBC):
Adult-
Female: 4.2- 5.4 x 10^12 /L
Male: 4.7- 6.1 x 10^12 /L
Hemoglobin (Hgb):
Adult-
Female: 12-16 g/dL
Male: 14-18 g/dL
Hematocrit (Hct):
Adult-
Female: 37-47%
Male: 42-52%
Prothrombin time (PT):
11.0- 12.5 seconds; 85%- 100%

Full anticoagulant therapy: > 1.5- 2 times control value; 20%- 30%
International normalized ratio (INR):
0.8- 1.1
Activated partial prothromboplastin time (aPTT):
30- 40 seconds

Pt. receiving anticoagulation therapy: 1.5- 2.5 times control value in seconds
Platelet count:
Adult-
150,000- 400,000/ mm^3
(or 150- 400 x 10^9/ L)
Potassium (K+):
3.5- 5.0 mEq/L (3.5- 5.0 mmol/L)
Sodium (Na+):
136- 145 mEq/L (136- 145 mmol/L)
Chloride (Cl-):
98- 106 mEq/L (98- 106 mmol/L)
Calcium (Ca), total:
9.0- 10.5 mg/dL (2.25- 2.75 mmol/L)
Magnesium (Mg):
1.3- 2.1 mEq/L (0.65- 1.05 mmol/L)
Serum Creatinine:
Adult-
Female:0.5- 1.1 mg/dL
Male:0.6- 1.2 mg/dL
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN):
Adult-
10- 20 mg/dL
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT):
Adult-
4-36 units/L @ 37*C
Asparate aminotransferase (AST):
Adult-
0-35 units/ L
(or 0-0.58 uKat/ L)
(ABGs) pH:
Adult/ Child-
7.35- 7.45
(ABGs) pH; venous:
7.31- 7.41
(ABGs) PCO2:
Adult/ Child-
35- 45 mm Hg
(ABGs) PCO2; venous:
40- 50 mm Hg
(ABGs) HCO3:
Adult/ Child-
21- 29 mEq/L
(ABGs) PO2:
Adult/ Child-
80- 100 mm Hg
(ABGs) PO2; venous:
40- 50 mm Hg
(ABGs) O2 Saturation:
Adult/ Child-
95%- 100%
(ABGs) O2 Content:
Arterial- 15- 22 vol %
Venous- 11- 16 vol %
(ABGs) Base excess:
0 +/- 2 mEq/L
Cholesterol:
Adult/ Elderly-
< 200 mg/ dL
Triglycerides (TGs):
Adult/ Elderly-
Female: 35- 135 mg/ dL
Male: 40- 160 mg/ dL
High-density lipoproteins (HDL):
Adult-
Female: > 55 mg/ dL
Male: >45 mg/ dL
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL):
Adult-
60- 180 mg/ dL