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Countries governed by one ruler

Circuit judges

Traveling judges in England


Word refers to the European mainland


Magna Carta gave freemen accused of crimes the right to a trial by equals

Grand jury

A group of peopole who present the names of suspects to traveling judges

Trial Jury

A group of people who decided guilty or innocent of crime


A weapon invented during the Hundred Years' War with steel tip arrows


Royal officials of Spain who governed the towns and set up law courts


Eldest son of the King


Kings who ruled France for 300 years

Louis IX

Grandson of Philip II or Philip Augustine

Philip IV

King Louis grandson, ruled from 1285 to 1314, got rid of all French enemies

Estates General

an assembly of nobles cleargy and townspeople

William the Conqueror

Concored England as became king of England

Domesday Book

Judgement book or census book of records for taxing the people

Henry II

Ruler after William the Conqueror - restored order in England

Magna Carta

Great Charter - that gave nobles increased power


King Edward set this up to advise him on making laws

Hundred Year Wars

Long battle between the French and English - French won.

Charles VII

The Dauphin who was crowned after freeing Orleans with Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc

17 year old French pesant who lead army to free Orleans

Otto I

King of Germany in 936


German Princes meeting or assembly to pick new emperor

Fredrick I

"read beard" became emporor of Germany


German royal family who served as Holy Roman emperors for 650 years

Catholic Monarchs

Catholic leaders who killed thousands of Jews in Spain

Ferdinand & Isabella

Ruler of Spain known as Catholic Monarchs - killed Jews


Muslim who invaded Spain and ruled

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