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epidemic of the flu that occurred over a large geographic area and affected significant portion of the population; disease spread with terrifying speed; also known as "Spanish influenza"; well above 20 million people died
hosted many writers who continued to live in Europe in her home; called the people who served in the war the lost generation
the group of young people who served in the war; also refers to the writers like Hemingway, Fitzgerald, and Passos; their novels reflected a generation that had lose its moral grounding during the war
Czech writer who used surrealism in this work; wrote The Castle; stories of struggle to find meaning
a form of literature that brings conscious and unconscious ideas together to portray life in a dreamlike way; Franz Kafka
Irish writer who wrote Ulysses; revolutionary book that broke from traditional novel; used a technique called "stream of consciousness"; lacked normal punctuation and skips around
American born poet who expressed the negative outlook of the postwar years; The Waste Land; described world without faith and where moral and spiritual values could not be restored
Russian-born composer who wrote the ballet The Rite of Spring; caused major uproar since broke completely with traditional music composition; twelve tone scale; unusual instruments
new form of music that originated among African American community in NOLA; fused West Africa and Latin American sounds with folk and European; Louis Armstrong
style of art that emphasized geometric designs and showed objects from different viewpoints at the same time
Spanish surrealist painter who painted "the Persistence of Memory"; attempted to represent the unconscious and objects not relate to one another
group of painters that used random images to reflect what they considered the insanity of the war
Chinese artist who praised traditional Chinese art; last great painter of the older school of Chinese art
American who pioneered new architecture style; helped develop the skyscraper; created new style called functionalism
style created by Sullivan where buildings are designed for its specific use instead of style
Frank Lloyd Wright
student of Sullivan who adopted many of his ideas; believed buildings should fit into their environment
collapse of the New York Stock Exchange; marked beginning of this time; prices and wages fell; unemployment rose; business activity slowed
October 29, 1929; drop in stock prices that were artificially high; stock became worthless overnight; banks had no money; borrowers could not repay their loans to get money
President who tried to revive American economy; efforts had little effect in face of massive economic collapse
program of relief and reform created by the federal government; each state was given money to provide needy with clothing, food, and shelter; public works; FDR
Social Security Act of 1935
provided for unemployment and old age benefits; established 40 hour workweek and minimum wages; guaranteed workers the right to form unions; FDR
a system where France rebuilt its army and constructed a series of steel and concrete fortifications nearly 200 miles along borders of Germany and Luxembourg; to prevent Germany from attacking France
a number of treaties signed by European powers that pledged their countries would peacefully settle all future disputes and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany; France signed mutual assistance treaties with Czech and Poland
when workers in various industries refused to work until their demands were met; happened in France
when an item is place under government control; weapons in France underwent partial this
leader of the Labour Party who spoke out for workers; formed coalition government with Liberal Party
an Irish nationalist party in 1981 who dominated the election for Irish seats in the British parliament
Irish Republican Army
Sinn Fein's military who battled British troops in a series of violent and bitter struggles; British received little support from Irish people
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition; anti-democratic and anti-socialist
Facists that conducted violent campaigns against their opponents; broke up strikes, intimidated voters, drove elected socialists officials from office; "purpose to defend Italy against a communist revolution"
National Socialist German Workers' Party; nationalistic, anti-Semitic, anti-communist; Adolf Hitler; elimination of all Jews and others that were "impure"
New Economic Policy
Lenin's response to Russia's economic collapse and disorder; major industries under control; Nepmen arose
where land was pooled into large farms on which people worked together as a group; peasants shared the scarce modern farm machinery
man who fought with Stalin for power in Communism; exiled from Soviet Union; murdered on Stalin's orders; strict Marxist
Five Year Plan
plan established by Soviet government with Stalin; double production of oil and coal; triple of steal; modern industrialized society; collective farming
Political Bureau of the Communist Party; Supreme Soviet elected members; Stalin controlled this
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