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45 terms

Film Lit Term Set 1

STUDY
PLAY
mis-en-scene
everything presented before the camera: acting, costume, decor, makeup
framing/composition
arrangement of persons, objects, and space within a single frame to create meaning
shot
single continuous run of the camera
extreme close up
part of the face occupies whole frame
close up
face/hand occupies whole frame
medium shot
shot with head, shoulders, chest and hand gestures
long shot
shot with whole person and surroundings
establishing shot
beginning shot with whole locale
POV shot
shot showing what character is looking at
reaction shot
shot showing character's reaction
tracking
camera and its assembly moves in tandem with subject
pan
camera rotates on fixed axis to show panorama
swish pan
rapid rotation creating a blurred image
wide angle
wider angle shot makes objects seem more distant than they really are
telephoto
makes objects seem closer and moving slowly
rack focus
shift lens focus during a shot
soft focus
eliminates blemishes and produces dreamlike effect
deep focus
objects in foreground and background in focus
high angle
camera looks down on subject
low angle
camera looks up to subject
high key
high level of illumination
low key
low level of illumination
front lighting
lighting object from the front
back lighting
lighting from the back
diffused lighting
unfocused soft lighting where objects lose sharp contours
saturation
degree to which colors are vivid or washed out
shadow
use of shadow for expressive purposes
synchronous
source of sound appears in picture
asynchronous
background music, voice or sound whose source not in picture
dialogue
lip synchronous speech with speaker visible
voice over
off screen voice that can be heard by audience not characters
sound bridge
sound track (dialogue, music, effects) which carries over from one shot to another shot of another scene before cutting first scene
sound mix
post production manipulation of relative intestates of recorded sounds and addition of new sounds
cut
end of one shot is spliced to beginning of next shot
match cut
two shots linked visually or thematically
jump cut
middle section of continuous shot removed so beginning and end are joined together
cross cutting
cutting from one line of action to another and back
cutaways
shot of action occurring at the same time as the main action
match on action
action shot replaced by another action shot from different focal point
shot/reverse shot
shot of character and then next shot of another talking to each other
montage
juxtaposition of short dissimilar shots inviting the viewer to make to make conscious connection between them
decoupage
invisible editing not calling attention to scene cut
fade
screen or soundtrack changes from black to image or silence to sound (or opposite is fade-out)
dissolve
optimal effect in which one shot fades out while another fades in
wipe
one shot replaces another by wiping other off the screen