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13 terms

Endocrine Glands, Hormones, and Their Functions

From Structure and Function of the Body, 12th edition
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Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
a tropic hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland that stimulates secretion of thyroid hormones
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
a tropic hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland that stimulates secretion of adrenal cortex hormones
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
a tropic hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland; in females, it stimulates the development of ovarian follicles and the secretion of estrogen; in men, it stimulates seminiferous tubules of testes to grow and produce sperm
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
a tropic hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland; in females, it stimulates maturation of ovarian follicle and ovum, stimulates the secretion of estrogen, triggers ovulation, and stimulates the development of the corpus luteum; in males, it stimulates the interstitial cells of the testes to secrete testosterone
Growth hormone (GH)
hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland that stimulates growth in all organs; mobilizes food molecules, causing an increase in blood glucose concentration
Prolactin (lactogenic hormone)
hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland that stimulates breast development during pregnancy and milk secretion (milk let-down) after pregnancy
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
hormone located in the posterior Pituitary gland stimulates retention of water by kidneys
Oxytocin
hormone located in the posterior Pituitary gland that stimulates uterine contraction at the end of pregnancy; stimulates the release of milk into breast ducts
Releasing hormones
hormones located in the hypothalamus that stimulate the anterior Pituitary to release hormones
Inhibiting hormones
hormones located in the hypothalamus that inhibit the anterior pituitary's secretion of hormones
Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)
hormones located in the thyroid gland that stimulate the energy metabolism of all cells
Calcitonin
hormone located in the thyroid gland that inhibits the breakdown of bone and causes a decrease in blood calcium concentration
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
hormone located in the parathyroid gland that stimulates the breakdown of bone and causes an increase in blood calcium concentration