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Arts and Humanities
chapter 23 Facials
Terms in this set (78)
A (n) _______, also known as a facial treatment, is a professional skin treatment that improves the condition and appearance of the skin.
An important part of a facial treatment that determines skin type, condition, and the recommended treatment is the_________.
b. skin analysis
What term describes a condition that requires avoiding certain treatments, procedures, or products to prevent undesirable effects?
Clients who present skin abnormalities, open sores, or fever blisters should be referred to a(n) ________.
Any important observations or contraindications should be recorded ________ in the client's record card.
d. in colored pen
completed client intake forms and service record cards may contain _________ information about the client and must kept in a secured room or cabinet.
When giving facials, ________ in the presence of your clients as much as possible.
b. perform your disinfection procedures
Cosmetologists should avoid wearing jewelry on the hands or arms while administering facial treatments because rings and bracelets may _________ the client.
a. accidentally injure
During an analysis procedure, cleansing milk is applied to the skin using ________.
c. upward circular movements
When removing cleanser in the eye area, move outward on the upper lid and ________.
b. inward on the lower lid
What tool provides a magnifying lens surrounded by a circular light, providing a well-lit, enlarged view of the skin?
b. Magnifying lamp
________ is determined by how oily or dry the skin is.
c. Skin type
Oily or dry conditions of skin that cannot be permanently changed, only improved with treatments, are determined by the skin ________.
The amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands determines the size of the ________ .
Obvious pores on the surface of the skin indicate ______.
c. oily skin areas
The term ________means lack of lipids, and describes skin that does not produce enough sebum , indicated by absence of visible pores.
What type of skin appears shiny or greasy from clogged, dead cells in the follicle?
c. Oily skin
Which term describes follicles impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup, also known as blackheads?
b. Open comedones
Which term describes follicles impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup that appear as small bumps just underneath the skin's surface?
c. Closed comedones
The difference between open and closed comedones is the size of the follicle opening, called the ________.
The cosmetologist must receive _________ instruction in order to properly perform extraction of clogged pores and comedones.
________ is considered a skin type because the tendency to develop this condition is hereditary.
Acne bacteria cannot survive in the presence of oxygen, and therefore, are _______.
Pimples that have a pus head are called _______.
What term describes dark blotches of color on the skin caused by sun exposure of hormone imbalance?
Which term describes rosacea conditions with dilated surface blood vessels?
Which term describes rosacea conditions with areas of skin with distended capillaries and diffuse redness?
Treatments that produce heat or stimulate the skin should be avoided for clients with which skin disorder?
What skin condition areas of hyperpigmentation, wrinkled areas including areas not in the normal facial expression, and sagging skin from damage to elastic fibers to chronic and frequent exposure to the sun over the client's lifetime?
b. Sun-damaged skin
_______ are non-foaming, lotion cleansers designed to cleanse dry and sensitive skin type and to remove makeup.
b. Cleansing milks
_______ are cleaners containing surfactants that cause the product to foam and rinse off easily.
d. Foaming cleansers
Foaming cleansers that wash off easily contain a detergent that is also known as a(n) _______.
Products that are designed to rebalance the pH and remove remnants of cleanser from the skin are known as _______.
The process of removing dead cells from the surface of the skin is _______.
Cosmetology professionals are only allowed to use products that remove dead skin from the stratum ______.
what products are used to physically remove dead cell buildup?
b. Mechanical exfoliants
A cream-type enzyme applied to the face and rolled off the skin is a ________.
What are scrubs that contain aluminum oxide crystals, along with other granular scrubs?
______ contain(s) chemicals that loosen or dissolve dead cell buildup, can work in a relatively short time, or be combined in a moisturizer for longer effects.
c. Chemical exfoliants
Exfoliants that dissolve the bonds and intercellular cement between cells are _______.
c. alpha hydroxy acids
Salon alpha hydroxy acid exfoliants are often referred to as _______.
Chemical exfoliants that work by dissolving keratin protein in the surface cells are known as ________.
c. enzyme peels
An enzyme peel that does not dry the skin and can be used during a steam treatment is the _______.
d. power form
products use to increase the water content of the skin surface are known as ______.
Water-binding agents in moisturizers are also known as ______.
What are oily of fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skin?
Moisturizers for oily skin are most often found in lotion form and generally contain _______ amounts of emollient.
Shielding the skin form ______ is probably the most important habit to benefit the skin.
a. sun exposure
Skin products that have a higher concentration of ingredients are _______.
Individual does of serum, sealed in small vials, are called ______.
What is a lubricating cream that must be thoroughly removed for additional products to penetrate the skin?
d. massage cream
What are concentrated treatment products often composed of mineral clays, moisturizing agents, skin softeners, aromatherapy oil, botanical extracts, and other beneficial ingredients to cleanse, exfoliate, tighten, tone hydrate, and nourish the skin?
Oil-absorbing masks that have an exfoliating and astringent effect, making large pores appear smaller, are _______.
a. clay-based masks
Masks containing hydrators and soothing ingredients that do not dry hard and can be used on sensitive skin are _______.
c. gel masks
Masks containing _______ and other beneficial ingredients are melted at a little more than body temperature before application and applied over treatment creams to allow the cream's ingredients to penetrate more deeply into the surface layers of the skin.
Which masks contain special crystals and dry to a plaster- like consistency?
d. Modelage masks
What thin, open-meshed cotton fabric is used to hold mask products on the face?
The manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, kneading, or other movements is known as _____.
The impact of a massage treatment depends on the amount of pressure, direction of movement, and ______.
c. duration of manipulation
The direction of movement in massage should always be from insertion of the muscle toward its ______.
What is a light, continuous, stroking movement applied with the fingers or palms?
Every massage should begin and end with which movement?
What kneading movement is performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing tissue with light , firm pressure?
______ is a form of Pétrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted and spread out.
What is a deep rubbing massage movement in which pressure is applied to the skin while moving over an underlying structure?
Pressing and twisting the tissues with a fast back-and -forth movement is a form of friction known as _______.
What is a stimulation form of massage that consists of short, quick tapping, slapping, and hacking movements?
What is a chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands whereby both wrists and hands move alternatively in fast, light,firm, and flexible motions against the skin?
The point over a muscle where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle is the _______.
a. motor point
To soften skin tissues and follicle accumulations making them easier to extract, it is recommended to first use a(n) _______.
d. facial steamer
To provide a buffer for the skin when using a brushing machine, apply a thick layer of cleaner or _______.
An applicator used to direct electric current from a machine to the client's skin is a(n) _______.
High-frequency electrotherapy machines have how many electrodes?
What is the process of softening and emulsifying hardened sebum that is stuck in the hair follicles?
The process of using galvanic current to enable water-soluble products that contain ions to penetrate the skin is _______.
Nikolas Tesla is credited with discovering ______.
a. high-frequency current
Light therapy using a light-emitting diode (LED) uses blue light to treat skin that is ________.
What is a mechanical exfoliation that uses a closed vacuum to shoot crystals onto the skin?
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