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DC2 Graphics - Unit 3

STUDY
PLAY
Adobe Illustrator (AI)
software used to draw, create and alter vector image formats to produce various designs, artwork and advertising
Bitmap
an image composed of pixels with a fixed resolution
Bitmap (.bmp)
an uncompressed bit file format that is very large and is not appropriate for the web
Brightness
the measure of relative lightness or darkness of a color (measured as a percentage from 0% [black] to 100% [white])
Compression
encoding data to take up less storage space and less bandwidth for transmission
Feathering
special formatting style that blurs the edge of an image
Graphics Interchange Format (.gif)
compressed bitmap file format (lossless) that supports only 256 colors and is appropriate for the web; supports transparency and animation
Joint Photographer Experts Group (.jpg)
a compressed bitmap file format (lossy) that is preferred for photographs; supports 16 million colors and is appropriate for the web; does not support transparency or animation
Layering
a feature that allows you to place one image on top of another and edit each independently
Lossless
a compression formula that reduces the file size without data loss
Lossy
a compression formula that reduces the file size by removing certain pixels
Masking
hiding part of a layer so that you can manipulate only the visible parts of the layer
Portable Network Graphics (.png)
compressed bitmap file format (lossless) similar to the gif format; it is not limited to 256 colors, is appropriate for the web, and supports transparency
Rasterize
converting vector objects in an image to pixels that can be displayed on a screen or printed
Red Eye Reduction
a photo editing technique to remove the red from the eye in a photo
Shape
a design element that includes geometric, natural, or abstract __________s
Special Effects
the effect or impression used to produce materials that cannot be achieved by normal techniques
Tagged Image File (.tif)
uncompressed bitmap file format that supports 16 million colors; supports transparency, file size is very large, and is not appropriate for the web
Text
a multimedia element consisting of alphanumeric characters
Transparency
a visual quality in which a distant image or element can be seen through a nearer one
Unzip
decompressing a zipped file
Vector
an image created by using a series of mathematically defined lines and curves rather than pixels, making the image easier to rescale; also called draw-type graphics
Windows Metafile (.wmf)
Microsoft's vector file format; most Microsoft clip are are metafiles and can be edited
Zip
compressing files to reduce file size