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9 terms

Pulmonology- Drug Categories

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antibiotic drugs
treat respiratory infections caused by bacteria
antitubercular drugs
treat tuberculosis.
antitussive drugs
suppress the cough center in the brain. they are used to treat chronic bronchitis and nonproductive coughs. (Robitussin)
antiviral drugs
prevent and treat influenza virus infection in at-risk patients with asthma or lung disease
bronchodilator drugs
dilate constricted airways by relaxing the smooth muscles that surround the bronchioles. They are used to treat asthma, COPD, emphysema, and cystic fibrosis. They are given orally or inhaled through a metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
corticosteroid drugs
block the immune system from causing inflammation in the lung. They are used to treat asthma and COPD. They are given by a metered-dose inhaler, orally, or intravenously
expectorant drugs
reduced the thickness of sputum so that it can be coughed up (Mucinex)
leukotriene receptor blocker drugs
block leukotriene, which causes inflammation and edema. Used to treat asthma (singulair)
mast cell stabilizer drugs
stabilize mast cells and prevent them from releasing histamine that causes bronchospasm during an allergic reaction. Used to treat asthma (Intal)