a humanly organized sound, personally defined as music, as a universal phenomen NOT universal language
role of music in culture
the study of social and cultural aspects of music and dance in local and global contexts
the regular pulse
rate at which the beat moves: slow or fast
pattern of long and short durations
pattern of strong and weak beats in each measure
4 beats: strong weak strong weak
3: strong weak weak
an off beat
organization of sequence of pitched in succession (vocal and instrumental) horizantal line
simultaneous surrounding of diff pitches -vertical -combo of pitches can be constant (good) or dissonant (bad)
the interaction of different meloic lines at the same time
one melody with one voice/ instrument or multiple in unison
one main melody but two or more going on at the same time
melody + accompanament
homophony with one main melody with background
homophony all lines follow similar rythm, all contributing at the same time
indepent lines of = importance (2+ melodies at the same tme)
one melody that has multiple entrances a round
the way the piece is musically structured
Sun Dance Song
Great plains music
Ghost Dance Song
a pan-tribal practice
Grand Entry Song
R Carlos Nakai NA flute music
"Who I Am"
NA Hip hop RedNation
Jean Ritchie Anglo American Folksong
"No Depression in Heaven"
Carter Family HillBilly 1920's
"Can't Get Enough of Texas"
Bob Wills and his TX playboys Western Swing
"Brakeman's Blues" and "Blue Grass Special"
Bill Monroe and the BLUEgrass boys bluegrass
Hank Williams Honky Tonk
"Your Cheatin' Heart"
Hank Williams Honky Tonk
"Down the Dirt Road Blues"
Charley Patton Country Blues- delta
Robert Johnson country blues
Mamie Smith Classic blues
"Empty Bed Blues"
Bessie Smith classic blues
"Got My Mojo Working"
Muddy Water Electric blues
Howlin' Wolf Electric Blues
"Long Tall Sally"
Little Richard R&B/ R&R
"Johnny B Goode"
Chuck Berry R&B/R&R
"That's All Right Mama"
Elvis Presely Rockabilly
Elvis Rockabilly was done by a black lady
"Blue Suede Shoes"
Carl Perkins Rockabilly
"Folsom Prison Blues"
how loud or soft a note is played
(tamber) tone quality or how a sound sounds
symphonic or hornbostel-sachs
h-s vibrates a stretched string (strings)
h-s vibrates a column of air (woodwinds and brass)
H-s drum vibrates a stretched membrane
h-s percusiion that vibrates itself
synthesizer. electronically place h-s
traditional native american music
diverse, songs from spirit world, orally transmitted, gender-specific, duple meter (heart beat), monophonic vocal melody
Music of the Great Plains
The Sun dance sacrifice to great spirit rebirth of the sun buffalo an eahle tree of life
Pan Tribal Music
The Ghost Dance :one specific area then spreads everywhere vision of the return of native landpeaceful movement
Paiute medice man in nevada pan-tribal
Wounded Knee Massacre
in SD US surpress Ghost Dance relig
Pan tribal multiple trives and non native spectators youth
Popular NA musicians
Buffy Sainte- Marie John Trudell Robbie Robertson Marina Redbone
Chicken scratch culturation of NA traditions and Mexican
Anglo American Folksongs
traced from British orally transmitted strophic (AAA) no meter monophonic with just one voice
Grand Ole Opry
WSM Barn dance show live entertainment: Nashville since 1925 showcase for country singers
1920's and 30's in Appalacian Mts fiddle, autoharp, banjo, guitar, and upright bass Ralph Perry, Carter Fam
1930's in South West string band + swing jazz dance music adds drums, piano, electric guitar, trumpet, and steel guitar Bob Williams and The TX Playboys
Kentucky in 1940's acoustin ensemble: mandolin, banjo, fiddle, guitar upright bass! high-range nasally singing virtuosic improvision--? Bill Monroe
South West in 1940's dance halls and bars drinking, dancing, violence, anger, heartbreak string bands + electric guitar style of western swing + lyrics of working class nasally Hank Williams influenced "outlaw country"
Roots of blues
after Civil War as a fusion of: Worksogs, holelrs, and spirituals sharecropping replaced plantation system reflects indiviuduality, humanity, and leisure time
Rural/ Delta 1930's - 1940's solo male accompanied by a guitar maybe harmonica Charley patton and Robert Johnson
City/ Vaudeville 1920's-1930's female with 2+ instruments "Race Records" but declinded b/c of country blues and talkies Mamie & Bessie Smith
influenced by rural blues Chicago in 1940's night clubs--> electrification& shouting style Muddy Waters and Holwin' Wolf
Rythm and blues
fast, strong back beat, energetic performance style drumes, bass, piano, sax, electric guitar lyrics are fun and rebellious Little Richard and Chuch Berry
calls the R&B records "rock and roll" for whites
C&W meets R&B poor whites in 1950's sounds black strummed rythm guitar, upright bass stop time
instruments stop for vocals
Sam Philips-- producer of Rockabilly
rooted in fold ballad of french speaking Acadians of Canada (Nova Scota) refuges in late 18th century lower class dance music: waltz or 2 step stuccato rythm high vocal rythm