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82 terms

Music Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
Music
a humanly organized sound, personally defined as music, as a universal phenomen NOT universal language
contextualize
role of music in culture
ethromusicology
the study of social and cultural aspects of music and dance in local and global contexts
beat
the regular pulse
tempo
rate at which the beat moves: slow or fast
rythm
pattern of long and short durations
meter
pattern of strong and weak beats in each measure
duple meter
4 beats: strong weak strong weak
triple meter
3: strong weak weak
syncopation
an off beat
melody
organization of sequence of pitched in succession (vocal and instrumental)
horizantal line
harmony
simultaneous surrounding of diff pitches
-vertical
-combo of pitches can be constant (good) or dissonant (bad)
texture
the interaction of different meloic lines at the same time
monophonic
one melody with one voice/ instrument or multiple in unison
homophony
one main melody but two or more going on at the same time
melody + accompanament
homophony with one main melody with background
homorhythmic
homophony
all lines follow similar rythm, all contributing at the same time
polyphony
indepent lines of = importance (2+ melodies at the same tme)
imitative polyphony
one melody that has multiple entrances
a round
form
the way the piece is musically structured
Sun Dance Song
Great plains music
Ghost Dance Song
a pan-tribal practice
Grand Entry Song
intertribal powwow
"Spirit Valley"
R Carlos Nakai
NA flute music
"Who I Am"
NA Hip hop
RedNation
"Barbry Allen"
Jean Ritchie
Anglo American Folksong
"No Depression in Heaven"
Carter Family
HillBilly 1920's
"Can't Get Enough of Texas"
Bob Wills and his TX playboys
Western Swing
"Brakeman's Blues" and "Blue Grass Special"
Bill Monroe and the BLUEgrass boys
bluegrass
"Honky Tonkin"
Hank Williams
Honky Tonk
"Your Cheatin' Heart"
Hank Williams
Honky Tonk
"Down the Dirt Road Blues"
Charley Patton
Country Blues- delta
"Crossroads Blues"
Robert Johnson
country blues
"Crazy Blues"
Mamie Smith
Classic blues
"Empty Bed Blues"
Bessie Smith
classic blues
"Got My Mojo Working"
Muddy Water
Electric blues
"Spoonful"
Howlin' Wolf
Electric Blues
"Long Tall Sally"
Little Richard
R&B/ R&R
"Johnny B Goode"
Chuck Berry
R&B/R&R
"That's All Right Mama"
Elvis Presely
Rockabilly
"Hound Dog"
Elvis
Rockabilly
was done by a black lady
"Blue Suede Shoes"
Carl Perkins
Rockabilly
"Folsom Prison Blues"
Johnny Cash
dynamics
how loud or soft a note is played
timbre
(tamber)
tone quality or how a sound sounds
instrumentation
symphonic or hornbostel-sachs
chordophones
h-s
vibrates a stretched string
(strings)
aerophones
h-s
vibrates a column of air
(woodwinds and brass)
Membranophones
H-s
drum
vibrates a stretched membrane
idiophones
h-s
percusiion that vibrates itself
electrophones
synthesizer. electronically place
h-s
traditional native american music
diverse, songs from spirit world, orally transmitted, gender-specific, duple meter (heart beat), monophonic vocal melody
Music of the Great Plains
The Sun dance
sacrifice to great spirit
rebirth of the sun
buffalo an eahle
tree of life
Pan Tribal Music
The Ghost Dance
:one specific area then spreads everywhere
vision of the return of native landpeaceful movement
Wovoka
Paiute medice man in nevada
pan-tribal
Wounded Knee Massacre
in SD
US surpress Ghost Dance relig
Powwows
Pan tribal
multiple trives and non native spectators
youth
Popular NA musicians
Buffy Sainte- Marie
John Trudell
Robbie Robertson
Marina Redbone
Waila
Chicken scratch
culturation of NA traditions and Mexican
Anglo American Folksongs
traced from British
orally transmitted
strophic (AAA)
no meter
monophonic with just one voice
Grand Ole Opry
WSM Barn dance show
live entertainment: Nashville since 1925
showcase for country singers
Hillbilly
1920's and 30's in Appalacian Mts
fiddle, autoharp, banjo, guitar, and upright bass
Ralph Perry, Carter Fam
Western Swing
1930's in South West
string band + swing jazz
dance music
adds drums, piano, electric guitar, trumpet, and steel guitar
Bob Williams and The TX Playboys
Blue Grass
Kentucky in 1940's
acoustin ensemble: mandolin, banjo, fiddle, guitar
upright bass!
high-range nasally singing
virtuosic improvision--?
Bill Monroe
Honky Tonk
South West in 1940's
dance halls and bars
drinking, dancing, violence, anger, heartbreak
string bands + electric guitar style of western swing + lyrics of working class
nasally
Hank Williams
influenced "outlaw country"
Roots of blues
after Civil War as a fusion of:
Worksogs, holelrs, and spirituals
sharecropping replaced plantation system
reflects indiviuduality, humanity, and leisure time
Country Blues
Rural/ Delta
1930's - 1940's
solo male accompanied by a guitar maybe harmonica
Charley patton and Robert Johnson
Classic Blues
City/ Vaudeville
1920's-1930's
female with 2+ instruments
"Race Records" but declinded b/c of country blues and talkies
Mamie & Bessie Smith
Electric Blues
influenced by rural blues
Chicago in 1940's
night clubs--> electrification& shouting style
Muddy Waters and Holwin' Wolf
Rythm and blues
fast, strong back beat, energetic performance style
drumes, bass, piano, sax, electric guitar
lyrics are fun and rebellious
Little Richard and Chuch Berry
Alan Freed
calls the R&B records "rock and roll" for whites
Rockabilly
C&W meets R&B
poor whites in 1950's
sounds black
strummed rythm guitar, upright bass
stop time
stop-time
instruments stop for vocals
Sun Records
Sam Philips-- producer of Rockabilly
Cajun Music
rooted in fold ballad of french speaking Acadians of Canada (Nova Scota)
refuges in late 18th century
lower class
dance music: waltz or 2 step
stuccato rythm
high vocal rythm
Tradition Cajun
voices, button, accordian, fiddle, acoustig guittar, triangle
Breaux fam
Country/ Swing Cajun
piano & fiddle dominate, steel guitar, less acordian
Harry Choates
Harry Choates
Fiddle King of Western Swing
sparked national interset with "Jole Blon"
got screwed over!
Zydeco
black creole culture
creole + cajun + bles/R&B
acordian and washboard (forttoier)
faster and more syncopated than Cajun
blues notes
jitterbug 2 step
Clifton Chemier
King of Zydeco
"Zydeco et Pas Sale"
The snap beans ain't salty
Queen Ida
Queen of Zydeco
Cajun Renaissance
1964 Newport (to present)
Beausoleil
traditional Cajun music with zydeco, rock, jezz, tejano, country, & Blues
Michael Doucet--> fiddle