a humanly organized sound, personally defined as music, as a universal phenomen NOT universal language
role of music in culture
the study of social and cultural aspects of music and dance in local and global contexts
rate at which the beat moves: slow or fast
pattern of long and short durations
pattern of strong and weak beats in each measure
4 beats: strong weak strong weak
3: strong weak weak
organization of sequence of pitched in succession (vocal and instrumental)
simultaneous surrounding of diff pitches
-combo of pitches can be constant (good) or dissonant (bad)
the interaction of different meloic lines at the same time
one melody with one voice/ instrument or multiple in unison
one main melody but two or more going on at the same time
melody + accompanament
homophony with one main melody with background
all lines follow similar rythm, all contributing at the same time
indepent lines of = importance (2+ melodies at the same tme)
one melody that has multiple entrances
the way the piece is musically structured
Sun Dance Song
Great plains music
Ghost Dance Song
a pan-tribal practice
Grand Entry Song
R Carlos Nakai
NA flute music
"Who I Am"
NA Hip hop
Anglo American Folksong
"No Depression in Heaven"
"Can't Get Enough of Texas"
Bob Wills and his TX playboys
"Brakeman's Blues" and "Blue Grass Special"
Bill Monroe and the BLUEgrass boys
"Your Cheatin' Heart"
"Down the Dirt Road Blues"
Country Blues- delta
"Empty Bed Blues"
"Got My Mojo Working"
"Long Tall Sally"
"Johnny B Goode"
"That's All Right Mama"
was done by a black lady
"Blue Suede Shoes"
"Folsom Prison Blues"
how loud or soft a note is played
tone quality or how a sound sounds
symphonic or hornbostel-sachs
vibrates a stretched string
vibrates a column of air
(woodwinds and brass)
vibrates a stretched membrane
percusiion that vibrates itself
synthesizer. electronically place
traditional native american music
diverse, songs from spirit world, orally transmitted, gender-specific, duple meter (heart beat), monophonic vocal melody
Music of the Great Plains
The Sun dance
sacrifice to great spirit
rebirth of the sun
buffalo an eahle
tree of life
Pan Tribal Music
The Ghost Dance
:one specific area then spreads everywhere
vision of the return of native landpeaceful movement
Paiute medice man in nevada
Wounded Knee Massacre
US surpress Ghost Dance relig
multiple trives and non native spectators
Popular NA musicians
Buffy Sainte- Marie
culturation of NA traditions and Mexican
Anglo American Folksongs
traced from British
monophonic with just one voice
Grand Ole Opry
WSM Barn dance show
live entertainment: Nashville since 1925
showcase for country singers
1920's and 30's in Appalacian Mts
fiddle, autoharp, banjo, guitar, and upright bass
Ralph Perry, Carter Fam
1930's in South West
string band + swing jazz
adds drums, piano, electric guitar, trumpet, and steel guitar
Bob Williams and The TX Playboys
Kentucky in 1940's
acoustin ensemble: mandolin, banjo, fiddle, guitar
high-range nasally singing
South West in 1940's
dance halls and bars
drinking, dancing, violence, anger, heartbreak
string bands + electric guitar style of western swing + lyrics of working class
influenced "outlaw country"
Roots of blues
after Civil War as a fusion of:
Worksogs, holelrs, and spirituals
sharecropping replaced plantation system
reflects indiviuduality, humanity, and leisure time
1930's - 1940's
solo male accompanied by a guitar maybe harmonica
Charley patton and Robert Johnson
female with 2+ instruments
"Race Records" but declinded b/c of country blues and talkies
Mamie & Bessie Smith
influenced by rural blues
Chicago in 1940's
night clubs--> electrification& shouting style
Muddy Waters and Holwin' Wolf
Rythm and blues
fast, strong back beat, energetic performance style
drumes, bass, piano, sax, electric guitar
lyrics are fun and rebellious
Little Richard and Chuch Berry
calls the R&B records "rock and roll" for whites
C&W meets R&B
poor whites in 1950's
strummed rythm guitar, upright bass
instruments stop for vocals
Sam Philips-- producer of Rockabilly
rooted in fold ballad of french speaking Acadians of Canada (Nova Scota)
refuges in late 18th century
dance music: waltz or 2 step
high vocal rythm
voices, button, accordian, fiddle, acoustig guittar, triangle
Country/ Swing Cajun
piano & fiddle dominate, steel guitar, less acordian
Fiddle King of Western Swing
sparked national interset with "Jole Blon"
got screwed over!
black creole culture
creole + cajun + bles/R&B
acordian and washboard (forttoier)
faster and more syncopated than Cajun
jitterbug 2 step
King of Zydeco
"Zydeco et Pas Sale"
The snap beans ain't salty
Queen of Zydeco
1964 Newport (to present)
traditional Cajun music with zydeco, rock, jezz, tejano, country, & Blues
Michael Doucet--> fiddle
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