Information Systems - Operating Systems
CC-BY-SA source: https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Information_Systems/Operating_Systems
Terms in this set (48)
Provides an interface between the user and the system, coordinates hardware components, provides an environment for software applications to function, monitors system health and functionality, and provides a file structure for data management.
computer operating systems
Windows, OS X, Linux, and Chrome OS.
mobile operating system
An operating system that operates a smartphone, tablet, PDA, or other mobile device.
mobile operating systems
Android, iOS, Windows Phone, and Blackberry.
based on Unix
OS X, Linux, Android, Chrome OS and iOS.
Red Hat, Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, and Google's Android.
Computer software with its source code made available with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
Computer software licensed under exclusive legal right of the copyright holder with the intent that the licensee is given the right to use the software only under certain conditions, and restricted from other uses, such as modification, sharing, studying, redistribution, or reverse engineering.
A computer architecture that supports integer values to -2,147,483,648 through 2,147,483,647 and memory addresses to 4 GiB (gigabytes or gibibytes).
A computer architecture that supports integer values to over 18 quintillion and memory addresses to 16 EiB (exbibytes).
A computer program that acts on behalf of a user or other program.
A mobile operating system (OS) based on the Linux kernel and currently developed by Google.
A proprietary mobile operating system developed by BlackBerry Ltd for its BlackBerry line of smartphone handheld devices.
The initialization of a computerized system.
An operating system based on the Linux kernel and designed by Google to work with web applications and installed applications, initially designed as a pure web thin client operating system.
A means of interacting with a computer program where the user issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text.
The ability to run software on a given system.
Used by proprietary software companies to prevent the unauthorized copying of their software and by open source licenses to enforce their terms.
An attribute conferred to computer software or computing methods and concepts that are implemented and inter-operate on multiple computer platforms.
A computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
DOS (Disk Operating System)
An acronym for several computer operating systems that were operated by using the command line.
A computer program that provides a user interface to manage files and folders.
The process of preparing a data storage device such as a hard disk drive, solid-state drive, floppy disk or USB flash drive for initial use.
Occurs when a file system cannot or will not allocate enough contiguous space to store a complete file as a unit, but instead puts parts of it in gaps between existing files.
GUI (graphical user interface)
A type of interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, as opposed to text-based interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
A mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. and distributed exclusively for Apple hardware, including iPods, iPhones, and iPads.
An operating system component that manages input/output requests from software, and translates them into data processing instructions for the central processing unit and other electronic components of a computer.
A Unix-like computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution.
A series of graphical user interface-based operating systems developed by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh line of computer systems, currently branded as OS X.
Provides ways to dynamically allocate portions of memory to programs at their request, and free it for reuse when no longer needed.
A graphical control element that lists options or commands presented to an operator by a computer or communications system.
Performing multiple tasks over a certain period of time by executing them concurrently.
A development model that promotes universal access via a free license to a product's design, and universal redistribution of that design, including subsequent improvements to it by anyone.
A series of Unix-based graphical interface operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. designed to run on Mac computers.
A memory management scheme by which a computer stores and retrieves data from the secondary storage for use in main memory.
The general form of the name of a file or directory, specifies a unique location in a file system.
Computer hardware architecture, an operating system, and runtime libraries in which a piece of software is designed to run.
The first or top-most directory in a hierarchy.
A user interface used to access an operating system's services.
A system monitor program used to provide information about the processes and programs running on a computer, as well as the general status of the computer.
An element of a graphical user interface which typically shows which programs or applications are running on the device, as well as providing links or shortcuts to other programs or places.
A family of multitasking, multi-user computer operating systems.
The space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
A memory management technique that is implemented using both hardware and software that maps memory addresses used by a program, called virtual addresses, into physical addresses in computer memory.
A metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
The 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set, supporting 64-bit addressing and processing, and fully backwards compatible with 16-bit and 32-bit x86 code.
A family of backward compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 through 80486 CPUs supporting 16-bit and 32-bit addressing and processing.
end-user license agreement (EULA)
The contract between a licensor and purchaser, establishing the purchaser's right to use software.