35 terms

Chapter 5--Language

AP Human Geography
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accent
Dialect. The way someone pronounces a word.
dialect
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
Esperanto
An international language written specifically for people to learn as a 2nd language so people around the world can understand each other.
extinct language
A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
ideogram
a written symbol that represents an idea or object directly rather than a particular word or speech sound, as a Chinese character
isogloss
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
isolated language
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
language branch
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.
language
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
language group
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
language family
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
lingua franca
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages (trade language)
literary tradition
A language that is written as well as spoken
mono-bi-multi linguality
Mono - speaking one language
Bi-lingual - speaking two languages and multi is speaking three or more languages
official language
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
orthography
The art or study of correct spelling according to established usage
pidgin
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communication among speakers of two different languages. Trade language is often pidgin.
standard language
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
toponym
The name given to a portion of Earth's surface. Place name. Salt Lake City. Draper. Sandy. Rocky Mountains. Utah Lake. Great Salt Lake. Wasatch Front.
trade language
A language that develops among speakers of different languages to permit economic exchanges. Often pidgin.
vernacular speech
Non-standard language or dialect native to the locale or adopted by the social group.
British Received Pronunciation
The dialect of English associated With upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the United Kingdom--used by politicians, broadcasters and actors
vulgar latin
A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.
ebonics
Dialect spoken by some African Americans. A distinct dialect in the English language. A way that many blacks in America have preserved their linguistic heritage. Is a combination of ebony and phonics.
creole
A language that results from the mixing of colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Denglish
A combination of Deutch (the German word for German) and English.
developing language
A language spoken in daily use with a literary tradition that is not widely distributed.
Franglais
A combination of Francais and Anglais (the French words for French and English, respectively).
institutional language
A language used in education, work, mass media, and government.
logogram
A symbol that represents a word rather than a sound.
pidgin language
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca; used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Received Pronunciation
The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
Spanglish
A combination of Spanish and English spoken by Hispanic Americans.
subdialect
A subdivision of dialect.
vigorous language
A language that is spoken in daily use but that lacks a literary tradition.