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Bacteria/Virus Test

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Poison made by some bacteria
toxin
Process where two bacteria join and exchange genetic material
conjugation
rod shaped bacteria
bacilli
prefix used when bacteria grow in clusters
staphylo
process by which a single bacterium divides to make two identical bacteria
binary fission
Spherical shaped bacteria
cocci
Bacteria that live in very hot, acid environments such as hot springs
archaebacteria
Bacteria that do not need oxygen
anaerobe
Dormant stage of bacteria that hep them survive harsh environments
endospore
Carbohydrate in the cell walls of eubacteria
peptidoglycan
organisms without a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
prokaryotes
prefix used when bacteria grow in chains
strepto
live in swamps and in sewage and produce methane gas
methanogens
bacteria that gram stain purple
gram positive
true bacteria
eubacteria
bacteria that require oxygen
aerobe
long whip-like tails for movement in some bacteria
flagella
corkscrew shaped bacteria that may cause disease
spirilla
short hairs on the walls of some bacteria for attachment
pila
stain used to dye bacteria so they can be classified
gram
the outer protein coat of a virus
capsid
particle of nucleic acid and protein that can reproduce only by infecting living cells
virus
organism that obtains energy directly from inorganic molecules
chemoautotroph
sphere-shaped bacterium
cocci
type of infection in which the host cell bursts and is destroyed
lytic
single-celled microorganism that lacks a nucleus
prokaryote
disease-causing agent
pathogen
rod-shaped bacterium
bacillus
type of spore that can remain dormant until favorable conditions for growth arise
endospore
type of infection in which a host cell makes copies of the virus indefinitely
lysogenic
how bacteria exchange genetic material
conjugation
compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria
antibiotic
bacteria may reproduce by ------ fission
binary
the process of converting nitrogen into a form that plants can use is...
nitrogen fixation
a structure prokaryotes use to propel themselves
flagellum
the larger of the two kingdoms prokaryotes is the
eubacteria
a prokaryote that carries out photosynthesis is called an
autotroph
a typical -----is composed of a core of DNA and RNA surrounded by a protein coat
virus
a virus that infects bacteria is called a
bacteriophage
a virus that stores its genetic information as RNA is called a
retrovirus
a ----- can be used to cure many bacterial diseases
virus
what is the name of the enzyme that is used in a retrovirus?
reversetranscriptase