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47 terms

Renaissance Test

STUDY
PLAY
renaissance
1300-1600 AD; rebirth of learning in europe
perspective
showing objects as they appear to the eye
reformation
reform/improve religious customs; great power of the roman catholic church
indulgence
official pardons given by the pope in exchange for $
protestant
protestors of the Catholic church
leonardo da vinci
500 years ago; studied birds
michelangelo
sponsored by Lorenzo de Medici; sculpter; Paintings cover the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican in Rome
martin luther
1517 criticized the church
florence
renaissance started here
sistine chapel
ceiling painted by michelangelo
catholic reformation
Pope Paul III worked to change church; Continued to believe that only the clergy
navigator
expert sailors
caravel
larger, stronger, easier to steer, faster ship
astrolabe
measured latitude from the equator
circumnavigate
to sail completely around
henry the navigator
Prince of Portugal; opened school for mapmakers, shipbuilders, navigators from all over the world
ferdinand magellan
Set sail in 1519 with 5 ships and a crew of 250 men
cape bojador
Sailors were unwilling to sail beyond--- Fear of sea monsters; Green Sea of Darkness
strait of magellan
near the tip of South America; Took 38 days to sail through Strait; due to fierce winds and winding waterways
columbus
Italian navigator who discovered the New World
queen isabella & king ferdinand
King & Queen of spain who gave colombus the ships and sailors to sail to the new world
portugal
country Columbus was from
spain
absolute monarchy here
italy
reformation and renaissance started here
philippines
where was magellen killed
democracy
the people elect representatives to govern
divine right
King's rule came directly from God; God chose the king
absolute monarchy
Complete power over every aspect of his kingdom
louis XIV
known as Sun King b/c sun is the center of the universe
cardinal richelieu
served as Chief Minister to Louis XIII for 18 years
peter the great
Czar of Russia in 1682; modernized Russian Army and navy; improved farming and industry; added ports so Russia could trade by sea; limited power of nobles
versailles
Very extravagant lifestyle
sun king
sun is the center of the universe; process of absolute power was gained over 150 years by monarchs
czar
peter the great; modernized Russian Army and navy
st.petersburg
window to the west
elizabeth I
monarch from 1558 to 1603 who established a strong central government while respecting the rights of parliament.
magna carta
a legal document that limits the kings power and gave the nobles a larger role in the goverment
ecomieda
in this system, the Spanish king gave settlers large areas of land; supposed to allow the natives to work their own plots of land for food
conquistador
conquerors
moctezuma
ruler of the Aztec empire in the Valley of Mexico; very powerful; Believed gods were more powerful
hernan cortes
Leader of the pale skinned men; originally was searching for gold; rallied support of other native tribes against the Aztecs
malinche
helped gather support for hernan cortes
francisco pizzaro
conquered the Incan empire in 1533; Conquered 12 million people with an army of 200 soldiers
tenochtitlan
capital was aztec
effects of slavery on africa
disaster for Africa; wars against neighbors
kings become more powerful throughout europe
the divine rights; god chose the king; rule came directly from god
moors
spanish muslims