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sponsored by Lorenzo de Medici; sculpter; Paintings cover the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican in Rome
Pope Paul III worked to change church; Continued to believe that only the clergy
henry the navigator
Prince of Portugal; opened school for mapmakers, shipbuilders, navigators from all over the world
strait of magellan
near the tip of South America; Took 38 days to sail through Strait; due to fierce winds and winding waterways
queen isabella & king ferdinand
King & Queen of spain who gave colombus the ships and sailors to sail to the new world
peter the great
Czar of Russia in 1682; modernized Russian Army and navy; improved farming and industry; added ports so Russia could trade by sea; limited power of nobles
sun is the center of the universe; process of absolute power was gained over 150 years by monarchs
monarch from 1558 to 1603 who established a strong central government while respecting the rights of parliament.
a legal document that limits the kings power and gave the nobles a larger role in the goverment
in this system, the Spanish king gave settlers large areas of land; supposed to allow the natives to work their own plots of land for food
ruler of the Aztec empire in the Valley of Mexico; very powerful; Believed gods were more powerful
Leader of the pale skinned men; originally was searching for gold; rallied support of other native tribes against the Aztecs
conquered the Incan empire in 1533; Conquered 12 million people with an army of 200 soldiers
kings become more powerful throughout europe
the divine rights; god chose the king; rule came directly from god
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