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Questions for Organic Compounds and Cell Parts
Terms in this set (59)
Chemical reactions that build polymers from ___ are called ___ reactions.
The opposite reaction from dehydration synthesis is called ___?
How many covalent bonds can carbon form?
All carbohydrates consist of one or more ___, also called simple sugars. Name two examples of this.
Monosaccharides, glucose and fructose
Why do glucose and fructose have the same formula but different properties?
Because they are isomers, which means although they have the same chemical formula, their arrangements of atoms differs, effecting their molecular shapes and chemical properties.
What are unsaturated fats?
Fats with less that the maximum number of hydrogens because of some double bonds between carbons.
What kinds of unsaturated fats are unhealthy?
What kinds of unsaturated fats are healthiest?
Fats containing omega 3 fatty acids.
What steroid acts as the building block of the human steroid hormones?
What are the monomers of all proteins?
What is the part of an animo acid that varies?
The side chain
How can changing an amino acid alter the function of a protein?
Changing an amino acid may alter the shape of the protein, which changes its function.
What other bases must G, A, T and C always bond to?
DNA contains ___ polynucleotide strands, each composed of ___ kinds of nucleotides. (Numbers)
If one DNA strand has the sequence GAATGC, what is the sequence of the other strand?
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