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Intrinsic motivation

refers to motivation that is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on any external pressure

Extrinsic motivation

refers to the performance of an activity in order to attain an outcome, which then contradicts intrinsic motivation.


maintenance of a stable internal environment.


a process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period early in life

Attachment styles

types of emotional ties with another person shown by seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation.


A type of aggression that is physical


a type of aggression that is not physical


an emotional release linked to a need to release unconscious conflicts

James Lange Theory

says that your heart begins to pound and then you become afraid

Cannon-bard thalamic theory

heart begins to pound at the same time you feel fear.

Schachter-singer two factor or cognitive-physiological theory

your heart starts to pound and you decide you're afraid but then experience fear

Love-Sternberg's triangular theory

THe amount of love one experiences depends on the absolute strength of these three components, and the type of love one experiences depends on their strengths relative to each other. Different stages and types of love can be explained as different combinations of these three elements; for example, the relative emphasis of each component changes over time as an adult romantic relationship develops. A relationship based on a single element is less likely to survive than one based on two or three elements.


something that encompasses feelings of attachment, closeness, connectedness, and bondedness.

. Passion

drives, connected to both limerence and sexual attraction


encompasses in the short term the decision to remain with one another and in the long term the shared achievements and plans made with one another

Ekman on universality of facial expressions

contrary to the belief of some anthropologists, facial expressions of emotion are not culturally determined and most were indicating anger, disgust, fear, and shame

Mere-Exposure Effect

when you have an attitude towards an object but after a lot of exposure you like it (like a song)


mental disorder where you can't recognize people's faces

Blind sight

when you can see, but you can't comprehend what your seeing

Anterograde amnesia (Clive Wearing)

forget everything you learned before an event

Restorative Theory

to build back up our minds and bodies that have been depleted during the day

Adaptive Nonresponding Theory

we sleep for survival


sleep disorder involving the difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep at night
- caused by worry or anxiety


a daytime sleep disorder inn-which a person who is awake shifts abruptly into rim sleep.
Often caused by a lack or deficiency in hypocretin.
-Fainting goats

Sleep apnea

a sleep disorder in which people briefly but repeatedly stop breathing during the night

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