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Political History 6 lesson 5
Terms in this set (49)
Which of the following was a loyalist stronghold during the Revolution?
New York and New Jersey
In the American struggle for independence, the term Whig was synonymous with patriot and the term Tory was synonymous with loyalist.
Which of the following was not one of Britain's difficulties during the War for Independence?
reliance on a large but ill-trained army
the British army was well-trained.
The outcome of the Battle of Saratoga was important because
it convinced the French government formally to recognize the United States and go to war against Britain. The French's help proved critical to America's victory.
Who was the French nobleman who led French military forces in America during the struggle for independence?
the Marquis de Lafayette
Which of the following battles forced the British government to commence peace negotiations with the Americans?
Yorktown made it clear to the British that victory would
be long and expensive, if at all.
Which of the following was not one of the terms of the Peace of Paris?
East and West Florida were transferred from Spain to the United States.
Joseph Brant was a Native American who led Indians against the American effort to achieve independence.
True - Brant had spent much time in England and favored the English.
Which of the following was one of the ways the American Revolution affected African Americans?
Northern states granted free African-Americans the right to vote and repealed or stopped enforcing curfews.
How did the Revolution affect American women?
Their subordination became the subject of debate.
Which of the following was not one of the accepted traditions, practices, or assumptions that helped to shape American politics in the 1770s and 1780s?
A strong executive branch was the best bulwark against a tyranny of the majority.
colonial experience with the British executive left the new American nation with a deep suspicion of executive power.
Entail refers to the contractual obligations of indentured servants to their masters.
False - entail is a process aimed at protecting the integrity of estates.
Primogeniture refers to the right of the first-born male heir to inheritance rights in the absence of a will.
In the late eighteenth century, many Americans thought that political parties
Were factions, selfish groups that advanced their own interests at the expense of the public good.
Who was the author of Virginia's Statute for Religious Freedom and bills abolishing entails and primogeniture?
Judith Sargent Murray was a notorious defender of Britain's rights in America and tried to undermine the struggle for independence.
False - au contraire -- she was an ardent patriot and early defender of women's rights.
The long delay in approval of the Articles of Confederation was primarily caused by
Maryland's demand that Virginia and New York give up their western land claims.
Which of the following was not provided for under the Articles of Confederation?
A president elected by the state legislatures. The Articles did not provide for any executive agency.
The Northwest Ordinance did all of the following except
Remove Native Americans and guarantee white settlers the right to buy land in the territory.
The basic unit of settlement in the territory north of the Ohio River was established by the
Ordinance of 1785.
What event, in response to foreclosures on farm properties, occurred in western Massachusetts in 1786 and helped propel the idea of a stronger national government forward?
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention
Tended to be wealthy lawyers in their thirties and forties.
A fundamental issue actually discussed at the Constitutional Convention was whether or not to merge the states into one unitary nation in which the individual states would no longer exist.
This was never seriously discussed. There was a better chance that 13 nations would emerge than one unitary nation.
The compromise by which the new government was to have a bicameral legislature, with an equal vote for each state in the upper house and proportional voting in the lower house, was known as the
Connecticut Plan. or also called the "Great Compromise."
Who was the member of the Constitutional Convention in 1787 whose diligence in keeping everything together and moving forward has gained him the title "Father of the Constitution?"
The relationship that the Constitution established between the national and state governments is known as
Which of the following was not one of the Constitution's provisions about slavery?
Restrictions against slavery passed under the Confederation government were repealed.
The principle of separation of powers was embodied in both the Articles of Confederation and in the Constitution.
False - since the Articles did not have three branches of government (there was only the Congress) separation of powers was unnecessary.
The congressional power to regulate interstate trade is a classic example of checks and balances.
False - checks and balances would be such things as the presidential veto, Senate ratification of treaties, court power of judicial review.
One of the Antifederalists' key objections to the proposed Constitution was the
absence of a bill of rights.in fact, the promise to deal with this omission was critical to gaining support for the new constitution from such statesmen as Thomas Jefferson.
Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787
These laws set a successful pattern for surveying, selling, and administering western lands, as well as providing the way for territories to become states with the same powers and privileges as the original thirteen states.
the Northwest Ordinance
for the first time banned slavery from a territory.
in 1786 in Massachusetts, led some Americans to fear that the government was unable to protect even domestic law and order.
The Philadelphia Convention
Fifty-five delegates from every state but Rhode Island gathered during the spring and summer of 1787 in Philadelphia.
Virginia Plan proposed a national government with broad powers to tax, legislate, and use military force against states.
New Jersey Plan which called for a unicameral congress in which each state, regardless of population, had an equal voice.
The Connecticut Compromise
A two-chamber legislature: representation in the House based on population and representation in the Senate based on the principle of equality for each state.
finished in September 1787, vested in the federal government the power to levy and collect taxes, conduct diplomacy, and protect domestic order. It also granted to the national government (and denied to the states) authority to coin money and regulate interstate and foreign commerce.
On September 25, 1789, the first Congress of the United States adopted 12 amendments to the U.S. Constitution-the Bill of Rights-and sent them to the states for ratification. Ten of these amendments were ratified in 1791. In November 1789, North Carolina became the 12th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
feared that the Constitution concentrated too much-centralized power in the hands of a national elite and that individuals' freedoms would be trampled because the document contained no bill of rights.
ultimately prevailed, because of their vigorous leadership and promise that they would amend the Constitution to provide a bill of rights once the new government was under way. In an effort to win New Yorkers over to the Constitution, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison published a series of articles, later collected in a book called The Federalist papers. These articles still afford us a valuable commentary on the Constitution and insight into the political philosophy of the Founding Fathers.
came in late 1789 and early 1790, when the last two reluctant states, North Carolina and Rhode Island, ratified the Constitution and joined the new union.
Articles of Confederation
In 1777, the Continental Congress drafted a constitution
Financial, diplomatic, and military affairs were managed by congressional committees. The congress could request funds from the states but could not tax the people directly.
The Oneidas and Tuscaroras
Influenced by a New England missionary, actively sided with the rebels against other Iroquois.
French forces won a stunning victory.
In the peace treaty that followed, Britain finally acknowledged American
Marquis de Lafayette,
Lafayette, a young French aristocrat, joined Washington's staff.
Lieutenant Colonel Barry St. Leger
Iroquois allies under Lieutenant Colonel Barry St. Leger would march south along Lake Ontario and invade central New York from Fort Oswego in
The Battle of Saratoga
The victory that convinced France that the Americans could win the war.
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