Unit 3 Progressive Era Vocabulary
Terms in this set (67)
power to collect income tax
direct election of senators
prohibited the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages for consumption
stated that no state could deny a citizen the right to vote based on their sex
In the 1870s farmers moved onto the Great Plains, they introduced improved machinery and fertilizers to produce more than ever before; Improved technology led to an abundance of crops which then led to a decrease in the price received by the farmers.
relates to laws that tried to control trusts & monopolies in an attempt to encourage competition
An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit.
Child Labor Act
an act of Congress in 1916 that prohibited the sale of goods made by child labor
the responsibilities of citizens
Civil Service Commission
commission gave exams that selected government appointees based on merit, not on who they knew; helped to rid government of corruption and made it more efficient.
Civil Service Reform
reform to end corruption in government that could be traced to the 'spoils system' that gave government jobs as rewards to those who helped get a candidate elected; these people were often not qualified for the job; when Pres. Garfield was assassinated by an office-seeker, Congress decided it was time to act
preserving or protecting something
Cross of Gold Speech
in the 1896 election Populists supported William Jennings Bryan for President due to his speech in which he supported the unlimited coinage of silver, instead of gold
Department of Labor
in 1913 Congress created a Cabinet post to study the problems of labor & to "promote the welfare of working people and improve their working conditions"
Taft encouraged U.S. investment in Latin America and Far East; Promised military protection abroad; As priorities shifted in global relations, U.S foreign policymakers returned to a goal of isolationism prior to World War I
all the people entitled to vote in an election
idea/concept that bad genes could be weeded out of society
a policy of expanding a country's economy or territory
Federal Reserve Act
12 regional Federal Reserve Banks were established to serve as "banker's banks", allowed the Federal Reserve to regulate the circulation of money, reformed the banking industry
Federal Trade Commission
protects consumers against unfair business practices by corporations
The system by which the value of a currency was defined in terms of gold, for which it could be exchanged
founded in 1867; original purpose was to serve as a social club for farmers; aim was to overcome the isolation of the rural farmer and to spread information about new farming techniques; soon it had over a million members who now supported economic and political reforms
a settlement house founded by Jane Addams to help immigrants and the needy find a place to live, jobs, or get an education; beginning of social services
Immigration Act of 1965
law that ended quotas for individual countries and replaced them with more flexible limits
The right of citizens outside the legislature to originate legislation
Interstate Commerce Commission
Interstate Commerce Act prohibited railroads from charging more for short hauls than long hauls over the same route and this commission was created to enforce the new law, it became the first federal government agency to regulate unfair business practices
A doctrine that opposes government intervention into business practices and the marketplace
how a country controls its money
one who spreads real or alleged scandal about another
reforms at the city level of government
National Origins Quota Act
an act passed in 1921 that set the quota of legal immigrants to 3% of their current ethnic makeup in the U.S. (law changed 3 years later)
National Park System
a reserve of natural or semi-natural land, declared or owned by a government, that is restricted from most development and is set aside for human recreation and environmental protection.
founded by W.E.B. DuBois this program helped African Americans gain civil rights
Open Door Policy
American approach to China around 1900, favoring open trade relations between China and other nations
government authority to a person/company giving them a right or title to something
in 1883 Congress passed this act that created the Civil Service Commission to end the spoils system
an addition to the 1900 Cuban constitution by the American government that gave the U.S. the right to establish naval bases in Cuba and to intervene in Cuban affairs whenever necessary
in 1891, a new political party gained support with the 'common man'; the farmers, workers, and miners battled against the rich, bankers and railroad owners; For the first time women also played an important role in politics; believed that the rich had a stranglehold on government and they wanted the government to end poverty, injustice, and unfair laws
One who advocates preservation, especially of natural areas, historical sites, or endangered species
Profit Organization - is an organization that does not issue stock shares or distribute its surplus funds to owners or shareholders, but instead uses the funds to help achieve its goals; Usually associated with education or a charity
a political party formed in 1912 under the leadership of Theodore Roosevelt, advocating popular control of government, direct primaries, the initiative, the referendum, woman suffrage, etc.
the act of prohibiting something/forbidding it
Land that is owned by the United States government
Pure Food and Drug Act
Prevented the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for regulating traffic, etc
voters can remove elected officials from office
A general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision
President Theodore Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine in which he asserted the right of the U.S. to intervene in Latin American nations
ideology of many rich and powerful people; progressivism countered this belief of "survival of the fittest"
unfairness in/of society
legislation it aimed at helping middle class citizens and involved attacking plutocracy and bad trusts while at the same time protecting business from the most extreme demands of organized labor.
the right to vote
Teapot Dome Scandal
An oil field in southeastern Wyoming that was the focus of a 1920s corruption scandal
a political party organized as opposition to existing parties
was an American suffragist and activist; dedicated her life to the single cause of securing equal rights for all women. "There will never be a new world order until women are a part of it."
Booker T. Washington
was an American educator, author, orator, and political leader. He was the dominant figure in the African American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915
was an American union leader, one of the founding members of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), and several times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States
Ida B. Wells
was an African American journalist, newspaper editor and, with her husband, newspaper owner Ferdinand L. Barnett, an early leader in the civil rights movement.
was a pioneer settlement worker, founder of Hull House in Chicago, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in woman suffrage and world peace
was an American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform.
American Republican; A proponent of Progressivism; One of the most important and recognized leaders of the opposition to the growing dominance of corporations over the government
Susan B. Anthony
was a prominent American civil rights leader who played a pivotal role in the 19th century women's rights movement to introduce women's suffrage into the United States
naturalist and 26th President of the United States, expanded powers of the presidency and supported public interest in the face of big business
American novelist and political writer, was one of the most important muckrakers of the 1900s. His novel The Jungle helped improve working conditions in the meat-packing industry. The novel depicts in harsh tones poverty, absence of social programs, unpleasant living and working conditions, and hopelessness prevalent among the working class. This is contrasted with the deeply-rooted corruption on the part of those in power.
was an intellectual leader in the United States as a sociologist, historian and civil rights activist; President of the NAACP
William Jennings Bryan
Liberal Democrat; Supporter of the Progressive movement; 3 unsuccessful bids for the Presidency; Supported women's rights, regulating child labor and the income tax
28th President of the US; A leader of the Progressive Movement; Democrat; 1914 Federal Trade Commission