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4 Written questions

4 Multiple choice questions

  1. *sac surrounding heart and roots of great vessels
    1. fibrous pericardium
    2. Serous pericardium
  2. -superior vena cava
    -inferior vena cava
    -coronary sinus (returns venous blood from heart itself)
  3. *2 layers
    1. parietal: lines inner surface fibrous pericardium
    2. visceral: adheres to heart and forms its outer coating-->epicardium
    *serous pericardium continuous at the roots of the great vessel
    *everywhere else there is a narrow space between them called the pericardial cavity
  4. It separates the atria and ventricles

4 True/False questions

  1. What separates the 2 main components of the mediastinum?1. pericardium
    2. heart
    3. origin of great vessels:
    -ascending aorta
    -pulmonary arteries
    -pulmonary veins
    -superior vena cava
    -inferior vena cava
    4. Phrenic nerves


  2. What is the fibrous pericardium?-tough connective tissue layer that defines the boundaries of the middle mediastinum
    -cone shaped bag, attached to diaphragm at base, continuous with adventitia of great vessels at apex


  3. What are the major structures of the middle mediastinum?**thymus (may not be evident in cadaver)
    -connective tissue
    -lymph nodes
    -branches of internal thoracic vessels
    -sternopericardial ligaments


  4. How is the heart oriented in the body? (anterior surface, diaphragmatic, L/R pulmonary, base)anterior surface: mainly rt ventricle, small contributions from rt atrium and lt ventricle
    diaphragmatic surface: lt ventricle, small part rt ventricle
    L pulmonary: L ventricle, L atrium
    R pulmonary: R atrium
    Base (posterior surface): L atrium, small part R atrium, proximal parts great veins