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Lab exam three part1
Terms in this set (47)
ADP + P is equal to what
What is the Energy released From the breaking down of glucose used for?
Make ADP into ATP
make own food from solar energy ex: plants, algae,protists and prokaryotes
What process uses Carbon Dioxide+Water+ Solar Energy to Produce Glucose and Oxygen as a byproduct?
Where does Photosynthesis Take Place?
in the organelles called the Chloroplast of the Plant cells
Chloroplasts are Highly structured What?
Besides the inner and outer membranes, what parts make up chloroplast?
what is a stack of Thylakoid Called?
Granum or Grana
what is the stroma
in plants, the solution that surrounds the thylakoids in a chloroplast
In light energy what kind of energy do Shorter Wave Lengths Produce?
Higher energy when compared to Longer waves
What kind of energy do Longer Wave Lengths produce?
Lower Energy when compared to shorter waves
Mosses, Ferns, Flowering plants, Kelp Euglena and Cyanobacteria are examples of what?
Whats an interesting fact about chloroplast and the mitochondria?
They Both contain there own DNA, so they divided independently from the animal or plant cells.
why does chloroplast have its own DNA?
probably co-evolved with plants to increase each others survival.
Main point of the light dependent reaction is?
it creates chemical energy into ATP and NADPH
what are Chemoautotrophs ?
organisms that use chemical compounds to make food . aka they may use sulfer or another chemical compound.
observed inherited trait (ex. group A or Rh positive
actual genetic information for a trait carried on each chromosome (ex. O/O or A/O)
the expressed characteristic on one chromosome takes precedence over the characteristic determined on the other chromosome (ex. A/O types as A)
the characteristics determined by the genes on both chromosomes are both expressed - neither is dominant over the other (ex. A/B types as AB)
the characteristic determined by the allele will only be expressed if the same allele is on the other chromosome also (ex. can type as O only when genotype is O/O)
alleles for a given trait are different on each chromosome (ex. A/B or A/O)
alleles are the same for any given trait on both chromosome (ex. A/A)
alternate choice of genes at a locus (ex. A or B; C or c, Lewis a or Lewis b)
site on chromosome where specific gene is located
unit of inheritance. Carries genes. 23 pairs of chromosomes per person, carrying many genes. One chromosome inherited from mother, one from father
determines specific inherited trait
a. A diagram of family relationships that can show the transmission of a genetic trait.
b. Are used to determine mode of inheritance of genetic diseases
show probability of inhertiance as ratios
a tool to predict the probability of certain traits in offspring that shows the different ways alleles can combine
There are four major blood groups determined by what?
determined by the presence or absence of two antigens - A and B - on the surface of red blood cells:
Blood type A Has?
only the A antigen on red cells (and B antibody in the plasma)
Blood type B Has?
only the B antigen on red cells (and A antibody in the plasma)
Blood type AB Has
both A and B antigens on red cells (but neither A nor B antibody in the plasma)
Blood type O Has
has neither A nor B antigens on red cells (but both A and B antibody are in the plasma)
An autosomal recessive disorder means two copies of an abnormal gene must be present in order for the disease or trait to develop.
Autosomal dominant -
If a disease is autosomal dominant, it means you only need to get the abnormal gene from one parent in order for you to inherit the disease. One of the parents may often have the disease.
are inherited through one of the "sex chromosomes" -- the X or Y chromosomes.
Autosomally inherited diseases
are inherited through the non-sex chromosomes (autosomes), pairs 1 through 22
understand Pedigree Look at this link
organisms that cannot make their own food and must feed on other organisms for energy and nutrients
the loss of electrons
Gain of electrons
Pore-like openings in leaves that allow gases (CO2 and O2) and water to diffuse in and out of the leaves.
a unit strand of the vascular system in stems and leaves of higher plants consisting essentially of xylem and phloem
are stacks of thylakoids in a chloroplast. A SINGLE STACK IS CALLED A GRANUM
3 main groups of photosynthetic pigments are?
Chlorophyll a, Chlorophyll b, and Carotenoids
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