BIG PICTURE QUESTIONS- Chapter 11
Terms in this set (11)
What accounts for the often negative attitudes of settled societies toward the pastoral peoples living on their borders?
-Settled societies feared pastoral peoples and say them as blood thirsty savages or barbarians who were destructive and chaotic
-Settled societies competed for resources with pastoral people
-Settled societies did not like the lifestyle of pastoral peoples who did not have proper housing and diets
Why have historians often neglected pastoral peoples' role in world history?
-Historians tended to neglect pastoral peoples because they did not have written languages and information about them came from adjacent agricultural civilizations.
-The agricultural societies ultimately overtook the nomads so their story is more prominent
How would you assess the perspective of the Mongols in this chapter?
-The perspective seems to provide a lot of positive information, demonstrating their keen organizational skills and skills during war on horseback. They also play a key role in trade. I think it is an accurate assessment of the Mongols, but I am used to reading more negative information because they were by all accounts brutal
In what different ways did Mongol rule affect the Islamic world, Russia, China, and Europe? In what respects did it foster Eurasian integration?
-The Mongol conquest of Persia resulted in the conversion of large numbers of Persians to the Muslim faith.
-They had less impact on government since Mongol rulers used Persian bureaucracy. Domination ruined Persian agriculture.
-Mongols assimilated and intermarried with Persians
-Mongols conquered but did not occupy Russia
-Russian princes received appointment from the khan and in return for sending tribute (money)
-Impact of the conquest was not even but in general the absence of direct Mongol rule meant mongols were less influenced or assimilated into Russian life
-Russians adopted Mongol way of life in respect of weapons, diplomatic rituals, court practices, taxation and military draft
-They united China which was divided.
-With respect to government, the Mongols adopted Chinese systems and ideas
-Europe received a flow of technologies and ideas through Mongol networks of exchange
-Intellectual expansion by traveling through the Mongol Empire
-Many argue that their dominance had its roots from all they gained from Mongol Empire.
-When Mongol Empire fell Europeans took on navigation by sea to get to Asia
-Also suffered from Black Plague through the networks of exchange
In what ways did Mongol rule foster European integration
-Mongol rule fostered European integration through networks of exchange. Europe traded commodities and picked up cultural information.
Why did the Mongol Empire last only a relatively short time?
-Factionalism among Mongols, the plague, and peasant revolts forced them out of China
-A succession crisis caused them to collapse in Persia
-Divisions among Mongols and growing strength of Russians caused them to fall in Russia.
-The Empire as a whole was destabilized by the black death, it killed large populations, and it damaged long distance commerce.
In what ways did the Mongol Empire resemble previous empires ( Arab, Roman, Chinese, Greek) and it what ways did it differ?
-It relied on a strong military of pastoral people
-It brought separate groups of people together under a single leader
-It took resources from settled societies
-They did not have a unique culture or religion that lived on after the fall of the Empire.
-Did not have a written language