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23 terms

Gknights Civil War

Gknights Civil War
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mini ball
An elongated lead bullet with a pointed head
and a cup-shaped hollow in its base which spreads as
it is fired, forcing the metal into the rifle grooves., most common bullet used in the Civil War
logistics
the process of strategically managing the efficient flow and storage of raw materials, in-process inventory, and finished goods from point of origin to point of consumption
Fort Sumter
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War, no deaths
Bull Run
The first battle of the Civil War that had casualties in it, also known as Manassas where Stonewall Jackson got his nickname.
cotton diplomacy
Confederate efforts to use the importance of southern cotton to Britain's textile industry to persuade the British to support the Confederacy in the Civil War
Anaconda Plan
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Stonewall Jackson
general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)
Robert E. Lee
A General for the confederates, fought many battles. One of his main plans towards the end of the civil war was to wait for a new president to come into office to make peace with. Fought Peninsular Campaign, 2nd battle of Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville (with Jackson), and Gettysburg.
Battle of Antietam
Civil War battle in which the North suceedeed in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties
54th Regiment
a famous African unit in the Union army; led an attack on Ft. Wagner near Charleston, SC
Robert Shaw
Regiment commander of the 54th. Massachusetts, went to Fort Wagner becasue no one wanted to do it, shot and killed
Confederacy
the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
Union
being of or having to do with the northern United States and those loyal to the Union during the Civil War
Gangrene
death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply, killed thousands of people during the Civil War
Vicksburg
Grant besieged the city from May 18 to July 4, 1863, until it surrendered, yielding command of the Mississippi River to the Union.
Gettysburg
The most violent battle of the American Civil War and is frequently cited as the war's turning point, fought from July 1 - July 3, 1863.
Sherman's March
(1864-1865) Union General William Tecmseh Sherman's destructive March through Georgia. An early instance of "Total war", puposely targeting infrastucture and civialian property to diminish moral and undercut the confederate war effort.
Wilderness Campaign
(1864-1865) A series of brutal clashed between Ulysses S. Grant's and Robert E. Lee's armies in Virginia, leading up to Grant's capture of Richmond in April of 1865; having lost Richmond, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse
Appomattox Courthouse
April 1865., the Virginia town where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in 1865, ending the Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
William Tecumseh Sherman
United States general who was commander of all Union troops in the West he captured Atlanta and led a destructive march to the sea that cut the Confederacy in two (1820-1891) Used scorched earth(total war)
Gettysburg Address
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg