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24 terms

Endocrine system

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ADH
produced by the hypothalamus; stimulates the kidneys to reabsorb water
Posterior lobe of the pituitary
stores and secretes ADH and oxytocin
Oxytocin
produced in the hypothalamus; responsible for stimulated smooth muscle contractions of the uterus and stimulates the release of milk from the alveoli
TSH
produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; responsible for thyroxine and regulates the overall function of the thyroid gland
ACTH
produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; role is to regulate the production of the steroid hormones (glucocorticoids) that regulate the bodies stress response
FSH
produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; stimulates the final maturation of eggs in the female and sperm in the male
LH
produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; this hormone will stimulate the major hormones (E, P, or T) that will stimulate the release of the egg or testosterone production
PRL
produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; involved in milk production or in stimulating this process
GH
produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; stimulate the growth of cells
Melatonin
produced in the pineal gland of the epithalamus (in the brain) and regulates sleep/wake cycles; also regulates reproduction and mood
Thyroid hormone
produced in the thyroid gland and regulates the metabolism of the body; this includes heart rate, digestion, etc.
Calcitonin
produced in the thyroid gland and is responsible for stimulating bones to put calcium into their matrix
PTH
produced in the PT gland and stimulates bone to release calcium from their matrix to increase the amount in the blood supply
Mineralocorticosteroids
produced in the adrenal gland cortex; regulate the ion concentrations in the body; aldosterone is the most important one that tells the kidneys to reabsorb Na+
Glucocorticoids
produced in the adrenal gland cortex; helps the body deal with stress or are produced during stressful times to regulate metabolism; cortisol is a major one in this group
Gonadocorticoids
produced in the adrenal gland cortex; these are the sex hormones (androgens) that will stimulate puberty and the development of secondary sex traits
Catecholamines (Epi and norepi)
produced in the adrenal gland medulla; to regulate heart rate and metabolism (epi) or blood pressure changes (norepi); these stimulate the stress response
Estrogen
produced in the ovaries; the role is to develop and maintain the sex organs and secondary sex characteristics
Progesterone
produced in the ovaries; the role is to develop breasts and regulate the menstrual cycle
Testosterone
produced in the testes; role is to develop secondary sex characteristics, stimulate sperm production and development
ANP
produced by the heart in response to increases in blood pressure and blood volume
Erythropoietin
produced by the kidneys to stimulate RBC production
Glucagon
produced by the pancreas to increase blood glucose levels
Insulin
produced by the pancreas to decrease blood glucose levels