- (1640s) New England colonies faced constant threat of attack from American Indians, Dutch, and french (protection). Because England was in the midst of a civil war, the colonists could expect little assistance
- So, (1643) 4 New England colonies (Plymouth, Massachusetts bay, Connecticut, and New Haven) formed a military alliance AKA NEW ENGLAND CONFEDERATION.
- This was directed by a board composed of two representatives from each colony. It had limited powers to act on boundary disputes, the return of runaway servants, and dealing with American Indians.
The confederation lasted until 1684, when colonial rivalries and renewed control by English monarch brought this first experiment in colonial cooperation to an end.
- It was important because it established precedent for colonies taking unified action toward common purpose. England doesn't help but they come together finally as colonies. They are now evolving on their own too.
- The government isn't really watching after them anymore and watching trade, so now they are seeing that and the colonists start getting used to it.
(1732) a 13th colony, Georgia, was chartered.
It was the last of the British colonies and the only one to receive direct financial support from the government in London.
there were 2 REASONS FOR BRITISH INTEREST in starting a new southern colony:
1. Britain wanted to create a defensive buffer to protect the prosperous south Carolina plantations from the threat of Spanish Florida.
2. 1000s of people in England were being imprisoned for debt.
Wealthy philanthropists thought it would relive the overcrowded jails in debtors were shipped to an American colony to start life over.
(SPECIAL REGULATIONS) Given a royal charter for a proprietary colony, a group of philanthropists led by JAMES OGLETHORP founded Georgia's first settlement, Savannah (1733).
Oglethorpe acted as the colony's first governor and put into effect an elaborate plan for making the colony thrive.
There were strict regulations, including bans on drinking rum and SLAVERY.
Nevertheless, partly because of the constant threat of Spanish attack, it didn't prosper.
(ROYAL COLONY) By 1752, Oglethorpe and his group gave up their plan.
Taken over by the British government, Georgia became a royal colony.
restrictions on rum and slavery were dropped.
the colony grew slowly by adopting the plantation system of South Carolina.
even so, at the time of the American Revolution, Georgia was the smallest and poorest of the 13 colonies.