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61 terms

Roman Empire/Christianity

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Augustus
the first emperor of Rome; means "sacred one"
Princeps
"first citizen"; the title by which Augustus preferred to be called
Pax Romana
27 BC-180 AD; the time of Roman peace
Res Gestae
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Julio-Claudians
the five emperors that succeeded Julius Caesar; includes Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero
Tiberius
Augustus' step son who spent most of his reign secluded on an island letting his Praetorian Guard rule the empire
Caligula
"little boots"; he appointed his horse to the Senate
Claudius
the physically deformed emperor who did an excellent job ruling before being killed by his wife
Nero
he burned down half of the city and blamed it on the cult of Christianity
Flavians
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Vespasian
the first flavian who established control after the death of Nero; built the coliseum
Bread and Circuses
the coliseum; symbolizes the idea that the loyalty of the Roman people can be bought
Titus
famous for his campaign in Israel; he was emperor when Vesuvius erupted
Antonines
the 5 good emperors: nerva, trajan, hadrian, marcus aurelius, and commodus
Nerva
he established the system of succession in which emperors would choose their heir
Trajan
the Spanish emperor who ruled the empire at its height
Hadrian
he believed that the empire had grown too big and established borders to limits Roman influence
Marcus Aurelius
the philosopher king who spent most of his reign dealing with Germanic invasion and disease
Pantheon
a domed temple in Rome that was completed in 27 BC by Agrippa (under Hadrian)
Commodus
the emperor who wished to be referred to as Hercules
Diocletian
the emperor of Rome who split the empire in half to make it more manageable and instituted the greatest Christian persecution in history
Tetrarchy
system of rule where each half of the empire had two rulers, by diocletian
Constantine
he moved the capital from Rome to a more defensible location in the eastern empire
Chi-Rho
sign of the Christian faith
Milvian Bridge
the battle after which Constantine solidified control over the Roman Empire
Edict of Milan
Constantine's announcement that legalized Christianity in the Roman empire
Constantinople
the "new rome" located in Turkey
Theodosius
the emperor who made Christianity the official religion of Rome outlawing paganism
Goths
Germanic tribe that split into two distinct tribes, rebelled at the battle of adrianople
Vandals
the Germanic group that sacked Rome in 455 and burned the city to the ground
Odovacer
a general who rode into Rome and placed the child emperor Romulus Augustulus in a monastery to end the Roman empire in 476
476 AD
the fall of the Roman empire
Jesus of Nazareth
the founder and central figure of Christianity
Parables
stories meant to teach a social or moral lesson
Messiah
the Hebrew idea of a savior meant to save and redefine the world
Pontius Pilate
the Roman governor who sentenced Jesus to death
New Testament
contained 4 gospels; written in Greek not Aramaic
Gospels
"good news"; collections of letters sent from early Christian leaders to new converts
St. Peter
the first official leader of the Christian movement after the death of Christ. he was crucifed upside down by Nero
Martyr
one who suffers much in order to further a belief, cause, or principle
St. Paul
the man most responsible for the spread of Christianity onto the gentiles
Gentiles
non-Jews
Epistles
the letters of Paul written to early churches
Church
a place for public (especially Christian) worship
Catholic
"universal"; way in which early Christians define the goal of their faith
Catacombs
underground areas in which early Christians were forced to worship
Eucharist
worship centered around this practice with bread and wine; taken from the last supper of Jesus
Baptism
a symbolic cleansing of sin that was normally used to initiate children into the Christian faith
Diocese
a Roman territorial office ruled by a bishop
Presbyters
a group of clerics that assisted the bishop; became known as priests
Council of Nicea
325; a council of early Christian leaders called by Constantine to standardize Christian practices
Heresy
becoming a tool of the devil or an open enemy of Christianityl
Arius
a bishop who's questioning of the perfection of god caused a huge split in early Christian thought
Nicene Creed
the document released by the Council of Nicea which unified the ideas of the church
Theodosius
made Christianity the official religion
Theology
the study of nature of God and religious truth
St. Jerome
he translated the bible into Latin (vulgate)
Vulgate
the latin translation of the bible; translated by saint jerome
St. Augustine
the theologian that described heaven and spoke of the absolute authority of religious leaders over secular ones
First Apostolic Council
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Leo I
the pope who stopped Attila from destroying the city of Rome