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Forensics Chapter 3 Notes

STUDY
PLAY
Evidence with individual characteristics can lead to a determination of common origin (single source). Which type of evidence CANNOT yield such results
single-layer paints
The likelihood of finding class physical evidence is ____the likelihood of finding physical evidence with individual characteristics.
greater than
Physical evidence is considered to have ____ as that of eyewitness (testimonial) evidence
greater value
The corroborative use of physical evidence means that is can be used to
support other investigative findings
Physical evidence can be used to exonerate or exclude a person from suspicion if
the standard reference sample does not share characteristics with evidence at the crime scene
Crime scene reconstruction requires the piecing together of
the laboratory results by the criminalist working on the case, the story told by evidence recovered at the crime scene, accounts given by witnesses and suspects, and input from the medical examiner
Evidence of tampering with the position of a body after death can be obtained by evaluating the
livor mortis
Forensic databases are maintained for all of the following except
dental impressions
In what year did the Combined DNA Index System become fully operational
1998
A component of the National Integrated Ballistics Information Network is called
IBIS
Crime scene reconstruction involves the efforts of all but the
trail judge
Evidence having class characteristics can
exonerate an innocent suspect
If the laboratory can piece broken glass from a window or head lights together, then the evidence has ____ characteristics
individual
A comparison analysis subjects a suspect specimen and a control specimen to the same tests and examinations for the ultimate purpose of determining
wheter or not they have a common origin
The computerized database used to store DNA information is
CODIS