26 terms

poetry page 3

STUDY
PLAY
sound devices
as with music, they transmit ideas and emotions
not mere decoration; chosen to create emotion
foot
basic measure of rhythm
composed of
one accented syllable and one or more unaccented
meter
regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
gives a line of poetry
rhythm
stanza
a group of lines forming a unit of poetry
example:quatrain
a four-lined stanza
rhythm
pattern created by arranged stressed and unstressed syllables
exact rhyme
a repetition of vowels and all succeeding consonant sounds
approximate rhyme
final sounds are similar, not exact
aka
slat rhyme
ex- stone and one
end rhyme
rhyme occurs at the end of lines
internal rhyme
rhyme occurs within the lines
rhyme scheme
the pattern or sequence in which rhyme occurs
represented by
lower case letters by each sound
ex: a Shakespeare sonnet
ababcdcdefefgg
onomatopoeia
a word that imitates or suggest the sound it describes
example
whisper
word invention
poets often create words to achieve startling effects
but they must provide
clues to the meaning
example:
"Jabberwocky" by Lewis Carroll 'Twas brillig
repetition
the repeating of sounds , letters, words or lines to help give poetry meaning, form and sound
parallelism
repetition of phrases or sentences so repeated parts are alike in structure or meaning
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds (silken sad)
consonance
repetition of internal consonant sounds (uncertain rustling)
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds (molten, golden notes)