a linear crevice in the skin accompanied by bordering elevations; a wrinkle; they may appear as fine tracings in the skin which are barely visable.
an elongated prominence of flesh; it abuts convexly against an adjacent surface; it is also used to describe sagging tissue between two furrows
used to describe a furrow, wrinkle, or groove; it is a depression or indentation; may be described the opposite of an eminence.
a prominence, projection, protrusion, bump or bulge; may be described the opposite of a sulcus
the vertical groove on the central plane of the upper lip, it is very shallow; it resembles a parenthesis; may be obscured in old age.
Naso Labial Fold
a prominence of the anterior part of the cheek; it runs from the superior margin of the nasal wing, to the side of the mouth; it usually disappears at the line of lip closure.
the small angular area formed by the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the naso labial fold; often seen best at a profile view.
Oblique Palpebral Sulcus
a shallow curving groove originating below the inner canthus of the eye; a darkened groove that moves downward and lateral in direction.
Angulus Oris Sulcus
a small triangular shaped depression immediately adjacent to the line of lip closure; it recedes into the depth of the line of lip closure.
Angulus Oris Eminence
a small convex prominence which begins on the upper intergumentary lip; it begins medially and superiorly to the line of lip closure; it moves obliquely downward and disappears; it has no definite borders; its presence is essential to proper mouth expression.
shallow depressions found in the soft tissues of the cheeks or chin; may be round or vertical; when found in the chin it is always visible, but when found in the cheeks they are only visible when smiling.
a furrow which may develop along the medial margin of the naso labial fold; it originates from the superior margin of the nasal wing.
Transverse Frontal Sulci
the furrows across the forehead which may appear as fine tracings; they may mimic the forms of the eyebrows
vertical or horizontal markings between the eyebrows; transverse ones often indicate concentration, while vertical ones usually indicate frowning.
Optical Facial Sulci
crows feet; they radiate from the lateral end of the eye, and may appear straight or curved.
Inferior Palpebral Sulcus
the furrow of the lower attached border of the open/closed lower eyelid; is shorter than the inferior palpebral sulcus.
Chords of the Neck
may be single and convex (turkey wattle) or in pairs; the folds are always vertical
a vertical and slightly curved furrow in the soft tissues of the cheek; it usually originates above the line of lip closure and may extend slightly below the line of lip closure.
originates below the jaw line and extends upward on each cheek; lateral to the naso labial fold.
a double chin; the greatly dipping furrows of the neck; they appear across the neck and vary in length.