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45 terms

Restorative Art - Natural & Aquired Facial Markings

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Furrow
a linear crevice in the skin accompanied by bordering elevations; a wrinkle; they may appear as fine tracings in the skin which are barely visable.
Groove
an elongated depression on a surface plane of the face.
Fold
an elongated prominence of flesh; it abuts convexly against an adjacent surface; it is also used to describe sagging tissue between two furrows
Sulcus
used to describe a furrow, wrinkle, or groove; it is a depression or indentation; may be described the opposite of an eminence.
Eminence
a prominence, projection, protrusion, bump or bulge; may be described the opposite of a sulcus
Philtrum is a(n) __________ facial marking.
natural
Philtrum
the vertical groove on the central plane of the upper lip, it is very shallow; it resembles a parenthesis; may be obscured in old age.
Naso Labial Fold is a(n) _________ facial marking.
natural
Naso Labial Fold
a prominence of the anterior part of the cheek; it runs from the superior margin of the nasal wing, to the side of the mouth; it usually disappears at the line of lip closure.
Nasal Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.
natural
Nasal Sulcus
the small angular area formed by the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the naso labial fold; often seen best at a profile view.
Oblique Palpebral Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.
natural
Oblique Palpebral Sulcus
a shallow curving groove originating below the inner canthus of the eye; a darkened groove that moves downward and lateral in direction.
Angulus Oris Sulcus is a(n) ___________ facial marking.
natural
Angulus Oris Sulcus
a small triangular shaped depression immediately adjacent to the line of lip closure; it recedes into the depth of the line of lip closure.
Angulus Oris Eminence is a(n) __________ facial marking.
natural
Angulus Oris Eminence
a small convex prominence which begins on the upper intergumentary lip; it begins medially and superiorly to the line of lip closure; it moves obliquely downward and disappears; it has no definite borders; its presence is essential to proper mouth expression.
Labiomental Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.
natural
Labiomental Sulcus
is formed by the junction of the lower lip and chin; its linear form is an arc
Submental Sulcus is a(n) ___________ facial marking.
natural
Submental Sulcus
lies at the junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area
Dimples are a(n) __________ facial marking.
natural
Dimples
shallow depressions found in the soft tissues of the cheeks or chin; may be round or vertical; when found in the chin it is always visible, but when found in the cheeks they are only visible when smiling.
Nasolabial Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.
acquired
Nasolabial Sulcus
a furrow which may develop along the medial margin of the naso labial fold; it originates from the superior margin of the nasal wing.
Transverse Frontal Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.
acquired
Transverse Frontal Sulci
the furrows across the forehead which may appear as fine tracings; they may mimic the forms of the eyebrows
Intercillary Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.
acquired
Intercillary Sulci
vertical or horizontal markings between the eyebrows; transverse ones often indicate concentration, while vertical ones usually indicate frowning.
Optical Facial Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.
acquired
Optical Facial Sulci
crows feet; they radiate from the lateral end of the eye, and may appear straight or curved.
Superior Palpebral Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.
acquired
Superior Palpebral Sulcus
the furrow of the upper attached margin of the closed upper eyelid
Inferior Palpebral Sulcus is a(n) _____________ facial marking.
acquired
Inferior Palpebral Sulcus
the furrow of the lower attached border of the open/closed lower eyelid; is shorter than the inferior palpebral sulcus.
Chords of the Neck is a(n) ___________ facial marking.
acquired
Chords of the Neck
may be single and convex (turkey wattle) or in pairs; the folds are always vertical
Bucco-Facial Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.
acquired
Bucco-Facial Sulci
a vertical and slightly curved furrow in the soft tissues of the cheek; it usually originates above the line of lip closure and may extend slightly below the line of lip closure.
Mandibular Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.
acquired
Mandibular Sulci
originates below the jaw line and extends upward on each cheek; lateral to the naso labial fold.
Platysmal Sulci is a(n) _________ facial marking.
acquired
Platysmal Sulci
a double chin; the greatly dipping furrows of the neck; they appear across the neck and vary in length.
Labial Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.
acquired
Labial Sulci
fine vertical furrows that cross the mucous membrane and are part of the integumentary lip