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For the Victorian Era Final, all the authors and a little bit about their background you'll need to know. good luck studying <3

Charles Dickens (1812 - 1870)

• One of eight children • Father went to jail for his debt • Worked in a factory to help pay off debt • When he became popular he toured America • Humorous serial novels

Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809 - 1892)

• Moody, young, and very popular Victorian poet • First English writer to become a baron (1884) • Father helped educate him • Educated at Cambridge and disliked it • "In Memoriam, A.H.H.". "Lady of Shallot"

Robert Browning (1812 - 1889)

• Self-educated by father's enormous library • First poem Pauline sold no copies • In 1869 his book The Ring and the Book helped Browning become a recognized author • Used a less-poetic language in his poems • "My Last Dutchess". The Ring and the Book

Elizabeth Browning (1806 - 1861)

• Had no formal education • Learned eight languages by herself • Had fragile heath concerns • Sonnets from the Portuguese. Sonnet 43 (How do I love thee?)

Mathew Arnold (1822 - 1888)

• Themes of isolationism and alienation • Attended Oxford • Literature should train people to open their minds to what is true in life • "Dover Beach". Culture and Anarchy

Emily Bronte (1818 - 1848)

• Dark romanticism; often seen as violent • One of three sisters • Sisters made up a magical kingdom and wrote stories about it • Wuthering Heights was her only big successful book

Rudyard Kipling (1865 - 1936)

• Born and raised in British controlled India • Pro-imperialist; believe the British should help out "uncivilized peoples" • Journalist in India • Jungle Book. The Best of Me (autobiography)

Thomas Hardy (1840 - 1928)

• The :last of the great Victorians" • Wrote about his own pessimistic view point of life • Jude the Obscure received many harsh remarks but The Dynasts received a large public acclaim

Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844 - 1889)

• Did not publish a collection of his work during his lifetime • One of eight children and a rebellious poet • Became a Catholic (Jesuit) priest and surprised his family and friends • "God's Grandeur". "Spring and Fall"

A.E. Houseman (1859 - 1936)

• Had strict self-discipline • His mother died when he was twelve years old • Professor of Latin at London University (1896) • A Shropshire Lad

Oscar Wilde (1854 - 1900)

• Father: prosperous doctor. Mother: author and political poet • Earned scholarship to Oxford College • Won Newdigate Prize for poetry at age 24 • Very popular and huge icon in London • Married in 1885 • Author and a playwright • The Happy Prince. The Importance of Being Earnest

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