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20 terms

Unit 4

STUDY
PLAY
atrophy
(A tro fe)
(n) the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure;
(v) to waste away
s: (n) degeneration, deterioration; (v) wither
a: (n) growth, development; (v) mature, develop
bastion
(BAS chen)
(n) a fortified place, stronghold
s: citadel, rampart, bulwark, parapet
concord
(CON kord)
(n) a state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant
a: disagreement, strife, discord
consummate
(v - KAN se mate; adj- KEN su mate)
(adj) complete or perfect in the highest degree;
(v) to bring to a state of completion or perfection
s: (adj) masterful; (v) clinch, conclude
a: (v) launch, initiate, begin, kick off
disarray
(dis e RAY)
(n) disorder, confusion; (v) to throw into disorder
s: (n) disorganization; (v) dishevel, mess up
a: (n) organization, order, tidiness
exigency
(EK se gen se)
(n, often pl) urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency
s: requirement, crisis
flotsam
(FLAT sem)
(n) floating debris; homeless, impoverished people
s: floating wreckage
frenetic
(fre NET ic)
(adj) frenzied, highly agitated
s: frantic, overwrought
a: calm, controlled, relaxed, leisurely
glean
(glean)
(v) to gather up bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers
s: collect, cull, pick up
grouse
(grous)
(n) a type of game bird; a complaint;
(v) to complain, grumble
s: (v) gripe, kvetch, bellyache
incarcerate
(in KAR ce rate)
(v) to imprison, confine, jail
s: intern, immure
a: liberate, release, free
incumbent
(in CUM bent)
(adj) obligatory, required;
(n) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of
s: (adj) mandatory, necessary
a: (adj) optional, unnecessary
jocular
(JOC u lar)
(adj) humorous, jesting, jolly, joking
s: waggish, facetious, droll, witty
a: humorless, solemn, grave, earnest, grim
ludicrous
(LUD i kres)
(adj) ridiculous, laughable, absurd
s: risible, preposterous
a: heartrending, poignant, pathetic
mordnat
(MOR dent)
(adj) biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh
s: acrimonious, acidulous, sardonic, scathing
a: bland, mild, gentle, soothing
nettle
(NET el)
(n) a prickly or stinging plant;
(v) to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely
s: (v) peeve, annoy, incense, gall, irk
a: (v) please, delight, soothe, pacify
pecuniary
(pi CUN ne er e)
(adj) consisting of or measured in money; of or relating to money
s: monetary, financial
pusillanimous
(pyu se LAN e mus)
(adj) contemptibly coward or mean-spirited
s: craven, lily-livered
a: stouthearted, courageous, daring
recumbent
(ri CUM bent)
(adj) in a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting
s: prone, prostrate, supine, inactive
a: erect, upright, energetic, dynamic
stratagem
(STRAT e gem)
(n) a scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end
s: ruse, trick, ploy, subterfuge