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33 terms

Unit 6 WH

STUDY
PLAY
Bartolomeu Dias
an early Portuguese explorer that traveled around the cape of good hope
Prince Henry
nation's most enthusiastic supporter of exporation, son of Portugal's king, patron
Vasco da Gama
began exploring the east African coast. He reached Calicut. He was amazed by spices etc. This voyage gave Portugal a direct sea route to India
Treaty of Tordesillas
an greement between Portugal and Spain which honored the line. Imagery line in Atlantic Ocean. land to he west of the line= Spain and the land to the east of the line= Portugal
Dutch East India Company
richer and morepowerful than England's company. established and direct trade throughout Asia. This allowed them to get rid of the English and they established their dominance over the region.
Daimyo
warrior- chieftains, they became lords in the new feudalism, means "great name."
Tokugawa Shogunate
a dynast of shoguns that ruled a unified Japan
Haiku
5-7-5 syllable, 3-line verse poetry, present in images ratherr than ideas. (Tokugawa cultrue)
Kabuki
a type of Japanese drama in which music, dance, and mine are used to present stories. (Tokugawa cultrue)
Atlantic slave trade
the buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americans, importanted by Europeans
Triangular Trade
trading network where goods and slaves were carried around the world.
Middle Passage
the voyage that brought captured Africans to the wast Indies and to North and South America. Considered the middle leg of transatlantic trade triangle.
Colony
land that is controlled by another nation
Conquistadors
the Spanish soliders, explorers and fortune hunters who took part in the conquest of the Americas.
Francisco Pizarro
a conquistadors who marched a small force into South American and conquered the Incan Empire
Mestizo
mixed Spanish and Native American population: not a lot of women spaniards so they married Native Americans
Encomienda
ultimately forced native americans to labor for landlords. A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it.
Columbian Exchange
the global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during colonization of the Americas
Capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as money for profit
Joint-Stock Company
a # of ppl combine their wealth for a common purpose and sharing the profits. Many risks to establish overseas colonies and this helped ppl not lose as much money if something went wrong
Mercantilism
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Hernardo Cortes
landed on shores of Mexico. liked by Aztecs, got gold, conquistadors kill some aztecs, cortes driven out, cortes, strikes back
Ming Dynasty
when China became the most dominate Asian power
Qian-long
This Chinese emperor ruled the Qing-long Dynasty, China reached its greatest size and prosperity under his rule
Carvel
This ship, developed in the 1400s, combined the square sails of European vessels with the lateen triangular sails of their Arab counterparts. The new rigging made it easier to sail against the wind thus increasing the speed of sea travel
Astrolabe
This device was perfected by the Muslims and was used to measure the angles of the sun and stars above the horizon. Though it was difficult to use accurately in rough seas, it did allow for more accurate navigation and hence the expansion of sea travel
Montezuma II
Ruled the Aztec Empire. The aztec emperor who agreed to give Cortes a share of the empire's existing gold supply. First the Aztecs drove out of the Spanish, then they came back and conquered the Aztecs with their advanced weapons
Christopher Columbus
made the daring voyage from Spain and looked for a new route to Asia. Landed in the Caribbean
Economic revolution
allowed more job specialization, more goods, slavery, and disease exchange
silk road
comercial revolution
Qing Dynasty
Ruled by the Manchus; China's last dynasty
Magellan
Portuguese explorer who convinced the king of Spain to fund his voyage to the Pacific ocean. They were the first people to circumnavigate the world. from Portugal sailed for Spain
Zheng He
a chinese Muslim admiral who led one of the seven voyages, everything about them was big.
Vespucci
explorer and map maker